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Publications (7174)

Sam Jones, Eva-Maria Egger, Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

We calculated a lockdown readiness index for Mozambique and the results don’t look good. If lockdown policies are needed to halt the spread of the virus, the government will also need to take extraordinary measures to provide a minimum of basic services for people living under a lockdown....

– Are women more affected?
Bina Agarwal - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Globally, governments are using lockdowns to contain the spread of COVID-19. This has disproportionately affected the poor, the homeless, and the migrants who are left without livelihoods, especially where the lockdown is country-wide, as in India. But has it affected women more than men? If so,...

– An all too real dilemma for the poor in India (and elsewhere)
Marty Chen - WIEGO, 2020

On March 24, in a speech to the nation, Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India, announced a 21-day lockdown. With only four hours’ notice, 1.3 billion people were expected to stay at home and not venture out for three weeks. All buses, trains and domestic air flights were suspended. But the...

Andy Sumner, Chris Hoy, Eduardo Ortiz-Juarez - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The impacts of COVID-19 in developing countries are starting to be felt. The Economist went as far as to call it the ‘next calamity’, noting how overlooked the impact on poorer countries has been. One relevant question is this: What will be the impact of COVID-19 on global poverty...

Vanda Castelo, Finório Castigo, José Cardoso, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents MOZMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Mozambique. The report describes the different tax-benefit policies in place, how the microsimulation model picks up these different provisions, and the database on which the model runs. It concludes with a validation of MOZMOD...

– Experience over the last fifty years
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Asia has achieved remarkable economic growth and seen hundreds of millions of citizens rise out of poverty since the mid-1960s. Constructing and analysing the factors behind continent’s poverty and inequality over the last fifty years helps gain important insights for further reducing...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Direct evidence using transaction data
Ludvig Wier - Journal of Public Economics, 2020

This paper provides the first direct systematic evidence of profit shifting through transfer mispricing in a developing country. Using South African transaction-level customs data, the author directly tests for transfer price deviations from arm's-length pricing. It is found that...

Working Paper pdf
Mattie Susan Landman, Neave O'Clery - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The Employment Equity Act No. 55 of 1998 was introduced by the South African government to address the legacy of apartheid and ensure equitable representation of black people and women in the South African labour market. Although the impacts of the Act are highly controversial, its widespread...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a large minimum wage increase in the agricultural sector using administrative tax data
Marlies Piek, Dieter von Fintel, Johann Kirsten - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper presents new evidence on the employment effects of a large increase in agricultural minimum wages in South Africa using anonymized tax data. We add to the minimum wage literature by differentiating employment effects resulting from the destruction of existing jobs and from the slower...

Working Paper pdf
Haroon Bhorat, Kezia Lilenstein, Morné Oosthuizen, Amy Thornton - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper evaluates structural change, inequality dynamics, and industrial policy in South Africa between 1960 and the present day. We find that South Africa experienced growth-enhancing structural transformation until the early 1970s, before entering a period of premature deindustrialization...

Working Paper pdf
Estian Calitz, Eva Muwanga-Zake, Alexius Sithole, Wynnona Steyn - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Nowadays, tax depreciation allowances are used less as instruments of macroeconomic stabilization and more as long-term measures to stimulate investment. This paper tabulates the types of accelerated depreciation allowances in South Africa and calculates the magnitude of these benefits in...

Working Paper pdf
– Country priorities, fuel types, and energy decisions
Etienne Romsom, Kathryn McPhail - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper provides an overview of the energy transition in Asia. It sets out the underlying drivers and how these set energy transition priorities in China, India, and South East Asia. It particularly describes the role of (liquefied) natural gas in the growing energy demand and changing...

Working Paper pdf
– Explaining the gap between expected and realized graduate earnings in Mozambique
Sam Jones, Ricardo Santos, Gimelgo Xirinda - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Inaccurate expectations of future wages are found in many contexts. Yet, existing studies overwhelmingly refer to high-income countries, and there is little evidence regarding the sources of expectational errors. Based on a longitudinal survey of graduates from the six largest universities in...

Working Paper pdf
– Structural transformation and inclusive growth in Thailand
Peter Warr, Waleerat Suphannachart - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Between 1981 and 2017, real gross domestic product in Thailand grew at an average annual rate of 5.7 per cent. Agricultural output grew more slowly than industry or services, and its gross domestic product share consequently declined. Industry’s gross domestic product share increased,...

Working Paper pdf
Aroop Chatterjee, Léo Czajka, Amory Gethin - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper estimates the distribution of personal wealth in South Africa by combining tax microdata, household surveys, and macroeconomic balance sheet statistics. We systematically compare estimates of the wealth distribution obtained by direct measurement of net worth, rescaling of reported...

Working Paper pdf
Selim Raihan, Sunera Saba Khan - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The Bangladesh economy has undergone significant structural changes over the last four decades. The share of agriculture in GDP has declined, while the significance of industry and service sectors has increased. These structural changes have been associated with persistent challenges such as...

Displaying 48 of 7174 results.