WIDERAngle

Expert commentary from our network

Moving out of identity silos and into intersectionality

Lakshman Nadaraja/World Bank
Women are undoubtedly doing better today than they were even 40-50 years ago. The gender gap has shrunk in many areas, including educational attainment, health, and employment and wages. Despite these advances, we cannot become complacent as there is still much work to be done. Thankfully, gender is a continuing focus in the development sphere, with SDG5 calling for greater equality and women’s empowerment. Gender features heavily in the new UNU-WIDER work programme too, with each...

The vital role of aid in development

 Salahaldeen Nadir / World Bank
The UNU-WIDER research programme on foreign aid (ReCom) began in 2010, in a period of strong aid scepticism. Dambisa Moyo’s well-known book, Dead Aid (2009), is just one example. The aid sceptics of the twenty-first century maintained that since economists could not find an aggregate relationship between aid and growth in the data, such a relationship did not exist. In response, the ReCom programme produced considerable literature demonstrating aid effectiveness and the impact of aid on...

Poverty measurements for policy makers

unsplas
In order to reduce poverty you must be able to measure it. It sounds so obvious, but in my experience policy makers think that measuring poverty is either a completely ‘objective’ process, like measuring the temperature in the room, or a broadly flexible exercise that can easily be manipulated to obtain the desired outcomes. And even when the same approach to poverty measurement is used, significant differences remain in the actual process of poverty estimation. As an example,...

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The vital role of aid in development

The UNU-WIDER research programme on foreign aid ( ReCom ) began in 2010, in a period of strong aid scepticism. Dambisa Moyo’s well-known book, Dead Aid (2009), is just one example...

Aid effectiveness Aid policy Conflict management
Blog
Poverty measurements for policy makers

In order to reduce poverty you must be able to measure it...

Poverty Measurement (Poverty) Multidimensional poverty measurement
Blog
Moving out of identity silos and into intersectionality: The example of gender identity

Women are undoubtedly doing better today than they were even 40-50 years ago. The gender gap has shrunk in many areas, including educational attainment, health, and employment and wages...

Gender Caste Equality
Research Brief
A pre-prototype Social Accounting Matrix for Myanmar: Addressing the lack of data and observing the structure of the economy May 2019

With the recent democratic elections, Myanmar has entered a new development phase. To support this process there is amongst others a need for sound economic policies that have an economy-wide perspective...

Social Accounting Matrix national accounts Supply table
Research Brief
The impact of tax-benefit systems in Africa May 2019

Social protection systems in Africa are still in their infancy...

Tax-benefit microsimulation tax-benefit policy microsimulation
Research Brief
Inequality in rural India: Are non-farm jobs the driver or a brake? May 2019

The increasing proportion of non-agricultural work in rural India has commonly been associated with widening income inequality...

Income inequality non-farm employment Poverty
Research Brief
Global mitigation policies and developing country economies: The case of Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia May 2019

Much discussion of climate change in the developing world focuses on if, when, and to what extent developing countries should be subject to any global attempts to curb greenhouse gas emissions...

Climate change Climate uncertainty Global mitigation
Research Brief
The missing billionaires: Correcting the data on top incomes in China May 2019

China has experienced fast economic growth over the last forty years. The number of Chinese billionaires has grown exceptionally fast and their wealth has increased enormously...

Top incomes Income inequality Taxation
Blog
Measuring inequality in middle-income countries

Income inequality is the result of complex processes with multiple interacting driving forces but understanding those drivers in emerging economies is particularly difficult because of data and analytical challenges...

Global inequality Economic inequality Top incomes
Blog
Inequality: Driving forces and policy solutions

The many faces of inequality Measuring inequality isn’t as simple as it may seem. We know that since the 1970s global inequality has been falling in relative terms, but absolute inequality has been increasing over the same period...

Global inequality WIID Income inequality
Blog
Narendra Modi’s performance on the Indian economy: Five key policies assessed

When Narendra Modi became India’s prime minister in spring 2014 the Indian economy was in the doldrums...

demonitisation Political economy Elections
Blog
India’s General Elections 2019: The potential electoral consequences of demonetisation

In the campaign leading up to the Lok Sabha elections in spring 2014, one of the more important promises that Narendra Modi made was to ‘clean up’ the economy by bringing back to India all the illicit money that was purportedly stashed aw...

demonitisation Political economy Elections
Blog
How can developing countries deliver effective public financial planning?

In many less developed countries, there is little problem identifying the need for public investment in programmes aimed at improving things such as infrastructure, health and education. The problem comes in delivering them...

SDGs SDG16 SDG17
Policy Brief
Reducing inequalities in South Africa: Progress on equality thwarted by slow growth and success of top earners May 2019

South Africa has the highest rate of measured inequality in the world. Often thought to be a legacy of the apartheid system, inequality in South Africa has stubbornly persisted...

Earnings personal income tax Survey data
Policy Brief
Inequality in Brazil: Inclusive growth trend of this millennium is over May 2019

After three decades of persistently high inequality, Brazil has been experiencing a downward trend since 2001, accompanied by a rise in household incomes. These trends lasted until 2014 when a major reversal took place on both fronts...

Income inequality Fiscal redistribution Household income
Research Brief
Financing the social cash transfer scale-up in Zambia: A tax-benefit microsimulation April 2019

In an attempt to reduce poverty and vulnerability in a sustainable and cost-effective way, in 2003 the Zambian Government introduced a social cash transfer (SCT) scheme...

Economic inequality Poverty Social cash transfers
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