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Publications (28)

H. Xavier Jara, Po Chun Lee, Lourdes Montesdeoca, Marcelo Varela - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents ECUAMOD, the SOUTHMOD micrososimulation model developed for Ecuador. This work was carried out by the ISER in collaboration with the Instituto de Altos Estudios Nacionales and UNU-WIDER. The results presented in this report are derived using ECUAMOD version 1.2 ...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
H. Xavier Jara, Marcelo Varela - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019
Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Simulating Universal Pensions in Ecuador, Ghana, Tanzania and South Africa
Maria Jouste, Pia Rattenhuber - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2019
Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Ecuador and Colombia
H. Xavier Jara, David Rodriguez - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The aim of this paper is to quantify the financial cost that informal workers would incur in the event of entering formality, accounting for potential earnings gains upon entry. To do so, we use representative microdata from Ecuador and Colombia, together with detailed tax–benefit models,...

Working Paper pdf
H. Xavier Jara, Nicolás Oliva - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Top income under-coverage in developing countries not only leads to downward biased inequality indicators but might also affect the ex-ante evaluation of progressive tax reforms. We propose a simple adjustment to top incomes for formal employees (e.g. employees affiliated with social security...

Working Paper pdf
H. Xavier Jara - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the role of the recently introduced unemployment insurance benefit (seguro de desempleo) in protecting incomes in case of unemployment in Ecuador. We use ECUAMOD, the tax-benefit microsimulation model for Ecuador, to simulate entitlement to the unemployment insurance benefit...

Working Paper pdf
H. Xavier Jara, Po Chun Lee, Lourdes Montesdeoca, Marcelo Varela - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper aims to evaluate the progressivity of different fuel subsidies in Ecuador as well as the budgetary and distributional effects of a potential elimination of such subsidies. Our analysis makes use of ECUAMOD, the tax-benefit microsimulation model for Ecuador, together with...

H. Xavier Jara, Marcelo Varela, Po Chun Lee, Lourdes Montesdeoca - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents ECUAMOD, the SOUTHMOD micrososimulation model developed for Ecuador. This work was carried out by the ISER in collaboration with the Instituto de Altos Estudios Nacionales and UNU-WIDER. The results presented in this report are derived using ECUAMOD version 1.2 ...

Working Paper pdf
Pia Rattenhuber, Maria Jouste - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We use four novel, cross-country comparable tax-benefit microsimulation models for Ecuador, Ghana, Tanzania, and South Africa to evaluate ex ante the expansion of a universal old-age pension in a static setting. Universal pensions would significantly reduce poverty and inequality in settings in...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– The Lack of Sustainability
Iván Gachet, Diego Grijalva, Paúl Ponce, Damián Rodríguez - Social Indicators Research, 2017

We analyse the evolution of vertical and horizontal inequality in Ecuador in the long-run (1990–2016), as well as during and after the recent commodities boom (2005–2014). Using data from censuses, living standard measurement surveys, and employment surveys we show that Ecuador has...

Working Paper pdf
H. Xavier Jara, Marcelo Varela - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

The aim of this paper is to explore the redistributive effects of taxes and benefits in Ecuador using two different approaches: direct use of reported taxes and benefits in household survey data, and use of simulated taxes and benefits obtained from ECUAMOD, the tax-benefit microsimulation model...

H. Xavier Jara, Mauricio Cuesta, Marcelo Varela, César Amores - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents ECUAMOD, the SOUTHMOD micrososimulation model developed for Ecuador. This work was carried out by the ISER in collaboration with the Instituto de Altos Estudios Nacionales and UNU-WIDER. The results presented in this report are derived using ECUAMOD version 1.0...

Working Paper pdf
– Effects on poverty and redistribution
Verónica Amarante, Martin Brun - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we present comparative evidence for eight Latin American countries regarding design and effects of cash transfers (CTs). On the basis of household survey data, we analyse their coverage, importance in household income, and effects on poverty reduction and income redistribution.We...

Working Paper pdf
Paul Mosley, Abdul-Gafaru Abdulai - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

One key element in the reduction of poverty and (in Latin America) inequality has been the achievement of greater fiscal equity; we analyse one key part of this process, which is the earmarking of portions of tax revenue to be spent on progressive public expenditures such as social protection,...

Working Paper pdf
– The lack of sustainability
Iván Gachet, Diego Grijalva, Paúl Ponce, Damián Rodríguez - UNU-WIDER, 2016 - Helsinki, Finland

We analyse vertical and horizontal inequality in Ecuador from a long-run perspective, as well as during and after the commodities boom.Using various data sources we show that Ecuador has made significant progress in reducing inequality, particularly since 2000. However, inequality has started to...

Displaying 16 of 28 results.