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Publications (403)

Gemma Wright, Michael Noble - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Are there enough tax payers to generate the revenue needed by governments to reduce poverty? How adequate are the social security arrangements that already exist? Anyone who has started to probe these issues will know that the answers to such questions can be hard to pin down. This is why the...

Blog
– The power of ideas & the limits of technocracy
Brian Levy - Working with the grain, 2021

What will it take to shake loose the distemper of our times, and initiate a virtuous spiral of renewal? In a recent UNU-WIDER webinar, Alan Hirsch and I explored why a narrow focus on growth and good governance will not be enough to get South Africa (and, by analogy, other countries similarly...

Working Paper pdf
Michael Kilumelume, Bruno Morando, Carol Newman, John Rand - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

An often-neglected potential negative consequence of tariffs is the impact they may have on the misallocation of factor inputs. Trade protection can provide space for domestic firms to increase prices and mark-ups, allowing low-productivity firms to survive, thereby leading to a sub-optimal...

Working Paper pdf
Amina Ebrahim, C. Friedrich Kreuser, Michael Kilumelume - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper presents version 4.0 of the CIT-IRP5 firm-level panel dataset. Version 4.0 is the latest edition of the firm-level component of the combined administrative data using sources from the South African Revenue Service. We show that differences in forms and vintages do generally not...

Working Paper pdf
Maya Goldman, Ihsaan Bassier, Joshua Budlender, Lindi Mzankomo, Ingrid Woolard, Murray Leibbrandt - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We use a fiscal incidence model based on the South African 2014/15 Living Conditions Survey to simulate the poverty reduction impacts of a selection of medium-to-long-term social grant options with the goal of replacing the existing special COVID-19 Social Relief of Distress grant upon its expiry...

Working Paper pdf
– A narrative analysis
Tumisang Loate, Romain Houssa, Nicola Viegi - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the macroeconomic effect of legislated personal income tax changes in South Africa over the 1996–2019 period. We identify personal income tax shocks using a narrative approach and incorporate these shocks in a proxySVAR model. Our analysis shows that permanent changes...

Working Paper pdf
Hylton Hollander - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Debt-financed fiscal stimulus programmes directly stimulate aggregate demand through government expenditure or tax cuts, but their effectiveness is highly dependent on direct crowding out of private sector expenditure, spillover effects to the private sector through a higher risk premium on...

Technical Note pdf
– CIT-IRP5 panel v4.0
C. Friedrich Kreuser, Daniel Brink - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We update Kreuser and Newman’s (2018) total factor productivity estimates for the South African manufacturing sector using administrative data from 2009–17. We use standard implementations of the Ackerberg et al. (2015) and Wooldridge (2009) productivity estimators and introduce an...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Carlos Gradín - Feminist Economics, 2021

This study shows that occupations in South Africa are segregated and stratified by gender. While some women (mostly Black and 'Coloured') overwhelmingly fill low-paying jobs, others (mostly White and Indian/Asian, but also Coloured) tend to fill higher-paying professional positions....

Technical Note pdf
Helen Barnes, David McLennan, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This note has set out several data processes that have been undertaken using the income data in dataset(s) that underpin SAMOD. Section 1 describes various data-cleaning steps that were undertaken when preparing the LCS 2014/15 as an underpinning dataset for SAMOD. Part 2 elaborates on the...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Helen Barnes, Gabriel Espi-Sanchis, Murray Leibbrandt, David McLennan, Michael Noble, Jukka Olavi Pirttilä, Wynnona Steyn, Brenton van Vrede, Gemma Wright - International Journal of Microsimulation , 2021

This study explores the impact of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in South Africa on income poverty and inequality in South Africa. Using a static tax-benefit microsimulation model with input datasets that were adjusted to reflect people’s earned incomes just before the pandemic (...

Working Paper pdf
Ihsaan Bassier - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

How does centralized bargaining affect the broader wage structure? And what does this tell us about the (non-)competitive dynamics of such labour markets? I study large contracted wage increases negotiated by centralized bargaining councils in South Africa, using matched employer–employee...

Grace Bridgman - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Stunted growth in early life has serious implications for cognitive development and is a well-established constraint to individual productivity and life expectancy. Vulnerability in childhood is highly correlated with stunted growth in many developing countries and is therefore a pressing concern...

Working Paper pdf
– A comparison of PITMOD and SAMOD for tax year 2018
Wynnona Steyn, Alexius Sithole, Winile Ngobeni, Eva Muwanga-Zake, Helen Barnes, Michael Noble, David McLennan, Gemma Wright, Katrin Gasior - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we explore South Africa’s personal income tax system using two microsimulation models. The first, SAMOD, simulates personal income tax and social benefits using a dataset derived from the nationally representative National Income Dynamics Study survey. The second, PITMOD,...

Working Paper pdf
Joshua Budlender, Amina Ebrahim - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We present new evidence on the effects of South Africa’s Employment Tax Incentive (ETI), a hiring and employment wage subsidy aimed at reducing youth unemployment. We show that attempts to estimate firm-level treatment effects via conditional difference-in-differences are likely to fail...

Journal Article
– Rapidly increasing top incomes amid low national growth in South Africa
Ihsaan Bassier, Ingrid Woolard - South African Journal of Economics , 2021

Despite South Africa’s need for inclusive economic growth, we find that the top income percentiles continue to diverge from the rest of the income distribution. We compare household survey data and tax data (which, unlike household survey data, includes accurate data for the very rich)...

Displaying 16 of 403 results.