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Publications (385)

Journal Article
– Rapidly increasing top incomes amid low national growth in South Africa
Ihsaan Bassier, Ingrid Woolard - South African Journal of Economics , 2021

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW. Despite South Africa’s need for inclusive economic growth, we find that the top income percentiles continue to diverge from the rest of the income distribution. We compare household survey data and tax data (which, unlike household survey data, includes...

Working Paper pdf
– The role of trade credit
Isaac Marcelin, Daniel Brink, Wei Sun - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the role of trade credit in enhancing the resilience of financially constrained firms from 2010 to 2017. Implicit borrowing in trade finance allows financially constrained firms to bridge the financing gap, expand employment by 8.26 per cent, and increase average firm profits...

Working Paper pdf
– An impulse response analysis by local projections for South Africa
Serena Merrino - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The aim of this paper is to assess South Africa’s fiscal multiplier across different states of the economy, with a focus on the financial accelerator mechanism of fiscal policy shocks, by estimating impulse response functions from both linear and non-linear local projections. The model...

Blog
Simone Schotte, Rocco Zizzamia - News24, 2021 - Cape Town, South Africa

The COVID-19 pandemic delivered a devastating economic shock to livelihoods across the world. In Cape Town, it has been toughest on those who had just found a way to keep their heads above water, living on the fringes of urban society. The COVID-19 lockdown in South Africa was one of the...

Agustin Redonda - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Tax benefits to boost contributions into pension funds or pension-related tax expenditures (PTEs) are used widely by governments worldwide to address issues related to the aging of population and the sustainability of retirement systems. Although these goals are worth pursuing, PTEs are often...

Working Paper pdf
Naser Yenus Nuru, Hayelom Yrgaw Gereziher - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study investigates the impacts of public expenditure innovations on exchange rate volatility in South Africa using quarterly data for the period 1970–2019. To achieve this objective, a version of the vector autoregressive impulse response model proposed by Jordà is employed...

Working Paper pdf
Helen Barnes, Gabriel Espi-Sanchis, Murray Leibbrandt, David McLennan, Michael Noble, Jukka Pirttilä, Wynnona Steyn, Brenton van Vrede, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the impact of the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in South Africa on income poverty and inequality in South Africa. Using a static tax–benefit microsimulation model with input datasets that were adjusted to reflect people’s earned incomes just before the...

Working Paper pdf
– The political logic of service distribution in South Africa
John Porten, Inbok Rhee, Clark Gibson - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Millions of South Africans in thousands of demonstrations have protested the unequal allocation of public services. Despite the African National Congress’s promise to reduce the disparities generated by apartheid, the level of public services remains highly uneven across the country....

Priyanka Harrichurran - UNU WIDER , 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In most countries, traditional gender roles within the household are still common due to the prevalence and persistence of patriarchal systems. These roles put a greater burden of care work on women, which can reduce women’s leisure time relative to men. My colleagues, Claire Vermaak,...

Working Paper pdf
– A view from below
Simone Schotte, Rocco Zizzamia - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related policy measures on livelihoods in urban South Africa. Using qualitative research methods, we analyse two rounds of semi-structured phone interviews, conducted between June and September 2020 in the township of Khayelitsha,...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from the 2016 retirement reform
Agustin Redonda, Christopher Axelson - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In 2016, the South African government introduced a comprehensive reform to simplify and harmonize the pension system in order to incentivize pension savings and increase the fairness of the retirement system. Using administrative tax micro-data, we assess the impact of the 2016 reform and find...

Working Paper pdf
– Firm-level evidence from administrative tax data
Keagile Lesame - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses firm-level data and a news-based measure of economic policy uncertainty to provide empirical evidence that economic policy uncertainty has a negative impact on firm-level investment in South Africa. Firms’ investment decisions in response to uncertainty reflect firms...

Thando Vilakazi, Namhla Landani - The Conversation, 2021

Agriculture and agro-processing value chains have been under pressure during the COVID-19 pandemic. This has been particularly marked where they remain underdeveloped, as is the case in South Africa and the rest of the region. Regulatory responses to the pandemic disrupted agriculture and agro...

Working Paper pdf
Dukhabandhu Sahoo, Auro Kumar Sahoo, Jayanti Behera, Diptimayee Mishra, Phendulwa Zikhona Makunga - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper aims to decompose the sources of growth in economies in the Southern African region’s Common Monetary Area and in the provinces of South Africa. Decomposition results for the Common Monetary Area reveal that the growth of aggregate and sectoral gross domestic product is driven...

Working Paper pdf
– A gender comparison
Priyanka Harrichurran, Claire Vermaak, Colette Muller - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study considers how household composition influences the leisure time of men and women in South Africa, using the South African 2010 Time Use Survey. Studying leisure time is important since the allocation of time outside the market provides insights into market behaviour and physical and...

Working Paper pdf
– Macro-micro analysis
Asiya Maskaeva, Mgeni Msafiri - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study simulates the macro-micro economic impacts of the employment policy, focusing on hysteresis in youth unemployment in South Africa. Specifically, we apply a dynamic computable general equilibrium model to calibrate the 2015 South African Social Accounting Matrix to estimate, compare...

Displaying 16 of 385 results.