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Publications (344)

Working Paper pdf
– Diagnosing South Africa's anomalies in the shadow of racial discrimination
Giorgio d'Agostino, Francesco Giuli, Marco Lorusso, Margherita Scarlato - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Inequality in South Africa is the enduring legacy of racial discrimination. We use a dynamic perspective to show the linkages between persistent effects of discrimination in the labour market and the efficacy of redistributive fiscal policy in reducing inequality. We present a machine-learning...

Working Paper pdf
– Economy-wide scenarios
Rob Davies, Dirk van Seventer - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Technical change impacts both the employment intensity of production and the composition of occupations and skills of employment. Artificial intelligence, automation, and robots are already leading to machines undertaking routinizable tasks previously carried out by workers. This can lead to...

– What are the challenges?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Diversifying the agricultural production in sub-Saharan Africa is important for the combat against poverty and climate change. In Malawi there are plans for legalizing the cultivation of industrial hemp, which would at best bring possibilities for Malawi and South Africa to complement each other...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Special economic zones (SEZ) in Africa are generally regarded as underperforming relative to their peers in the rest of the world. To explain this underperformance and to support success in the future it is important to analyse the key features and what is lacking in the design of African special...

– Can foreign direct investment help South Africa increase the complexity of its exports?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Since the end of apartheid, South Africa’s economic challenges have disrupted efforts to establish a society of inclusive growth and prosperity. Understanding how South Africa can break the pattern of sluggish growth, high unemployment, inequality and poverty is a pressing policy issue....

– A pathway to effective tax collection in South Africa
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Many governments, particularly those in developing countries, have set an objective to improve tax revenue mobilization to offer more and better public services to their citizens. To develop effective revenue-raising strategies it is necessary to determine whether there is a tax revenue gap and...

Working Paper pdf
Joshua Budlender, Amina Ebrahim - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper documents the industry classification variables in the anonymized tax microdata available for research at the National Treasury Secure Data Facility in Pretoria. It discusses how the variables in the data are related to the raw records captured in various tax forms and outlines the...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from South Africa
Caro Janse van Rensburg, Carli Bezuidenhout, Marianne Matthee, Victor Stolzenburg - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Inequality has been rising in most countries for several decades, with negative consequences for social cohesion and economic growth. Substantial gender wage gaps contribute significantly to overall wage inequality. We look at an often-overlooked driver of gender inequality: international...

Working Paper pdf
– South Africa’s exports of tradable urban services to the rest of Africa
Ivan Turok, Justin Visagie - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Service industries are increasingly important in international trade and offer additional paths to economic development. There are many opportunities to expand trade in services between South Africa and other African countries. Improvements in urban planning, design, and governance are vital...

Working Paper pdf
Johannes Hermanus Kemp, Hylton Hollander - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Much of the research on fiscal multipliers has used reduced form modelling approaches. While these models have been extended to include richer controls and identification approaches, it remains unclear whether shocks identified capture the true structural shocks. An alternative way to identify...

Working Paper pdf
Johannes Hermanus Kemp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Despite the frequent use of fiscal policy for stabilization purposes and the important role fiscal activism has played over the last decade, the size of budgetary multipliers (i.e. the output response following an exogenous shock to fiscal policy) has been heatedly debated at the theoretical and...

Working Paper pdf
Serena Merrino - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper aims at providing new evidence over the effect of conventional monetary policy shocks on wage inequality through the earnings heterogeneity channel under the inflation-targeting regime implemented in South Africa since 2000. The empirical contribution follows previous studies by...

Working Paper pdf
Anthea Paelo, Genna Robb - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews comparative approaches to key issues in economic regulation in four countries of the Southern African Development Community, and how this has been reflected in outcomes in terms of competition, prices, access, and innovation in telecommunications services. In this paper,...

Working Paper pdf
Genna Robb, Anthea Paelo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Low levels of broadband penetration combined with poor quality of services present a challenge to growth and development in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). This paper performs a comparative analysis of the competitive dynamics of telecommunications markets in four SADC...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from South Africa using data from tax records
Aalia Cassim - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Attempts to regulate the temporary employment sector have had mixed results internationally. In South Africa, temporary employment was regulated in 2015 through amendments to the Labour Relations Act. This paper uses administrative data to examine the short-term impact of strengthening...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from bunching at kink points of the South African income tax schedule
Neryvia Pillay Bell - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The author applies the bunching methodology to South African administrative tax data over the period from 2011 to 2017 to investigate the responsiveness of individual taxpayers to changes in marginal personal income tax rates. She finds significant evidence of bunching among the self-employed...

Displaying 16 of 344 results.