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Publications (300)

Blog
Amina Ebrahim, Kezia Lilenstein - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

In 2016, we joined a project in South Africa working to make tax data available for research purposes. Tax authorities collect an enormous amount of data on companies and individuals, data that is useful for economics research and economic policy-making, and the potential to learn from such a...

Working Paper pdf
– How spillovers from foreign direct investment boost the complexity of South Africa’s exports
Bjørn Bo Sørensen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Countries’ economic complexity, and the associated diversification and sophistication of their exports, is a key determinant of economic growth. Understanding how South African firms learn to export more sophisticated products is, therefore, an important policy issue. Using...

Working Paper pdf
Lawrence Edwards, Ayanda Hlatshwayo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses detailed firm transaction data on manufactured exports to analyse the dilution of the real exchange rate-export relationship in South Africa over the period 2010 to 2014. Our empirical results show that firms that are larger, have higher export shares in destination markets,...

Working Paper pdf
– An emerging market perspective
Ayanda Hlatshwayo, C. Friedrich Kreuser, Carol Newman, John Rand - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses matched employer-employee data from South Africa to examine the extent to which technology transfers between firms through the hiring of workers. Allowing for differential spillovers based on observable technology differences between sending and receiving firms, we find strong...

Working Paper pdf
– Dead end or steppingstone?
Michael Danquah, Simone Schotte, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Despite rapid economic growth in recent decades, informality remains a persistent phenomenon in the labour markets of many low- and middle-income countries. A key issue in this regard concerns the extent to which informality itself is a persistent state. Using panel data from Ghana, South...

Working Paper pdf
– A mixed-methods investigation
Simone Schotte - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the extent and determinants of structural poverty dynamics in South Africa, focusing on the socio-economically disadvantaged urban African population. The quantitative analysis using panel data is triangulated with evidence from a qualitative case study integrating focus...

UNU-WIDER, Ludvig Wier - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

New research provides the first direct evidence of tax-motivated transfer mispricing in a developing country. Using highly detailed firm-level customs data from the tax authority, the analysis calculates the difference between legitimate estimates of market prices (known as the arm’s-length...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from firm-level data
Hammed Amusa, Njeri Wabiri, David Fadiran - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Using comprehensive, anonymized tax administrative data for the 2008–14 period, we examine firm-level productivity in South Africa. Measures of firm-level productivity are included in a spatial autoregressive model that assesses spillovers from total factor productivity originating from...

Working Paper pdf
– The role of innovation and exports
Karmen Naidoo - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the effect of innovation on employment growth at the firm level in South Africa. Innovation is typically associated with better export performance at the firm level due to productivity enhancements and new products. However, the link between innovation and employment is...

– Are they persistently high-growth firms?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The analysis of firm growth has been a topic of consistent economic interest as a growing body of literature has lent support to the possibility that the majority of growth and new employment creation is the result of a small sub-sector of high-growth firms (HGFs). While this has been...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from South African tax registers
Wian Boonzaaier, Jarkko Harju, Tuomas Matikka, Jukka Pirttilä - International Tax and Public Finance, 2019

Part of Journal Special Issue Public economics and development action

This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Jukka Pirttilä, Finn Tarp - International Tax and Public Finance, 2019

Tax, and public-sector matters more generally, is high on the agenda of international development. This is clearly reflected in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) approved by the United Nations General Assembly in September of 2015. SDG17 addresses the need for improving domestic...

Working Paper pdf
Michael Nassen Smith, Carilee Osborne, Zunaid Moola, Ben Turok - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine the extent to which two of Africa’s leading gold mining economies, Ghana and Tanzania, have adopted transformative local procurement policies to enhance backward linkages from the minerals sector. We assess the impact that evolving legislation in the gold industry has had on...

Working Paper pdf
– An analysis of the labour market effects
Anmar Pretorius, Carli Bezuidenhout, Marianne Matthee, Derick Blaauw - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

In South Africa, the manufacturing sector—important for growth and employment creation—has shown declining growth, poor productivity performance, decreased labour demand, and increased imports of intermediate goods (offshoring activities). Offshoring influences jobs and wages...

– Can South African firms compete with Chinese imports?
UNU-WIDER, Sofia Torreggiani, Antonio Andreoni - Helsinki, 0 - Finland

China’s growing edge in export manufacturing has caused concern for low-income and middle-income countries seeking to develop robust manufacturing sectors. China’s recent transition from an exporter of lower-tech goods, such as garments, to more advanced products, such as components...

– Impacts on economic development
UNU-WIDER, Morné Oosthuizen - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Over the past 20 years, researchers have been looking at the economic lifecycle of individuals around the world using National Transfer Accounts (NTA) data. The focus of this research has been on understanding how societies produce, consume, share, and save resources across generations, how these...

Displaying 16 of 300 results.