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Publications (163)

Matti Remes - UNU-WIDER, 2022 - Helsinki, Finland

Millions of Africans lost their jobs as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, but state social security systems were of little help to people who lost their income. This is the conclusion of a study conducted by the United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research,...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– A micro-level analysis
Michael Danquah, Abdul Malik Iddrisu, Peter Quartey, Williams Ohemeng, Alfred Barimah - Poverty & Public Policy, 2022

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW | The financial sector in rural areas, where most of the poor people in sub-Saharan Africa are found, has transformed massively in recent times, notably through the increased penetration of several types of rural financial intermediaries in addition to rural and...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Dead end or stepping-stone?
Michael Danquah, Simone Schotte, Kunal Sen - IZA Journal of Development and Migration, 2021

Despite rapid economic growth in recent decades, informality remains a persistent phenomenon in the labor markets of many low- and middle-income countries. A key issue in this regard concerns the extent to which informality itself is a persistent state. Using panel data from Ghana, South...

Kwabena Adu-Ababio, Robert Darko Osei, Jukka Pirttilä, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

The first cases of COVID-19 in sub-Saharan Africa were reported in March 2020, and the impact of the pandemic has since rippled through the world and Africa. In response to the crisis and similarly to many of its peers, Ghana has enacted a variety of containment measures to confront the pandemic...

Pia Rattenhuber, Rodrigo C. Oliveira, Jesse Lastunen - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In summer 2020 the SOUTHMOD team set out, with partners, to analyse the impact of government policies on protecting households from getting poorer and avoiding societies from becoming more unequal. Now we are releasing a cross-country comparative study that analyses the distributional effects of...

Report pdf
Kwabena Adu-Ababio, Daniel Chachu, Robert Darko Osei, Jukka Pirttilä, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents GHAMOD, the SOUTHMOD model developed for Ghana. The report describes the different tax-benefit policies in place, how the microsimulation model picks up these different provisions, and the database on which the model runs. It concludes with a validation of GHAMOD...

Working Paper pdf
Jesse Lastunen, Pia Rattenhuber, Kwabena Adu-Ababio, Katrin Gasior, H. Xavier Jara, Maria Jouste, David McLennan, Enrico Nichelatti, Rodrigo C. Oliveira, Jukka Pirttilä, Matteo Richiardi, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper analyses the distributional effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and related tax-benefit measures in 2020 in a cross-country comparative perspective for five African countries: Ghana, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. We first estimate the impact of the crisis on disposable...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Isaac Otoo, Michael Danquah - African Development Review, 2021

We estimate the efficiency of Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana, and investigate the impact of fiscal decentralization on the efficiency of local public goods and services delivery by MMDAs. Using data from composite budgets of all 216 MMDAs, we employ both non-...

Working Paper pdf
– An exploration based on a multidimensional measure of financial inclusion
Abdul Malik Iddrisu, Michael Danquah - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using a nationally representative household survey data set from Ghana, this paper provides empirical evidence regarding the role of financial inclusion or financial exclusion in household welfare. We first compute a multidimensional index of financial inclusion, and then we examine the effect of...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from Ghana
Michael Danquah, Abdul Malik Iddrisu, Ernest Owusu Boakye, Solomon Owusu - Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 2021

Using household data from the latest wave of the Ghana Living Standards Survey, this paper utilizes machine learning techniques – IV LASSO – that allows for the treatment of unconfoundedness in the selection of observables and unobservables to examine the structural effect of gender...

Technical Note pdf
Kwabena Adu-Ababio, Jukka Pirttilä, Pia Rattenhuber, Toon Vanheukelom - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This note, with emphasis on VAT and excise taxes, illustrates how indirect taxes are modelled in the context of GHAMOD, a tax-benefit microsimulation model for Ghana. GHAMOD is similar to the EUROMOD base platform, and its built-in Statistics Presenter Tool supports simple analyses of ex-ante...

Working Paper pdf
Isaac Otoo, Michael Danquah - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we estimate the efficiency of Metropolitan, Municipal, and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana, and investigate the impact of fiscal decentralization on the efficiency of local public goods and services delivery by MMDAs. Using data from composite budgets of all 216 MMDAs, we...

Michael Danquah, Sefa Awaworyi Churchill - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Informal activities are widespread in many developing countries. In many sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries informal economic activities account for more than one-third of economic output and more than two-thirds of employment. Workers engaged in informal activities tend to be less productive...

Working Paper pdf
– Examining the role of conventional banks in deepening access to formal credit
Abdul Malik Iddrisu, Michael Danquah - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Using a unique district-level panel dataset, we investigate the effect of banking system penetration on financial inclusion in Ghana. To purge potential endogeneity bias in the underlying relationship, we exploit a change in the policy environment of the Ghanaian banking system to instrument for...

Working Paper pdf
– Are there gender differences in Ghana?
Priscilla Twumasi Baffour, Festus Ebo Turkson, Ibrahim Mohammed, Wassiuw Abdul Rahaman - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Historically, the issue of intergenerational evolution of income, wealth, and socioeconomic status has been the subject of considerable research in the analysis of inequality. Such intergenerational linkages are anticipated to come from two sources: first, the inheritance of innate abilities and...

Background Note pdf
Daniel Chachu - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

  Introduction The literature on the concept, measurement, causes, and correlates of sub-national institutional governance is not new. From the seminal work of Putnam et al. (1993) to recent attempts by Iddawela et al. (2021), several authors have explored untapped spaces that...

Displaying 16 of 163 results.