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Methodology

Publications (51)

Carlos Gradín, Kunal Sen - United Nations Development Programme Human Development Reports, 2019

Income inequality is the result of complex processes with multiple interacting driving forces but understanding those drivers in emerging economies is particularly difficult because of data and analytical challenges. While most middle-income countries produce comprehensive household surveys these...

– Inclusive growth trend of this millennium is over
Marcelo Neri - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

After three decades of persistently high inequality, Brazil has been experiencing a downward trend since 2001, accompanied by a rise in household incomes. These trends lasted until 2014 when a major reversal took place on both fronts. Since the 1970s Brazil has been one of the most unequal...

Working Paper pdf
Marcelo Neri - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

After three decades of persistently high income inequality, from 2001 Brazil experienced a downward inequality trend followed by rising household income growth. Both movements lasted until 2015. This work synthesizes the results of six papers, describing Brazilian income distribution trends...

Working Paper pdf
– The role of firms, education, and top incomes 1994–2015
Marcelo Neri, Cecilia Machado, Valdemar Pinho Neto - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper documents the evolution and the determinants of earnings inequality in the Brazilian formal sector from 1994 to 2015, using establishment level data. In 2015, schooling explained 33 per cent of overall inequality. Firm-specific effects explain 65 per cent of total inequality level...

Working Paper pdf
Cecilia Machado, Marcelo Neri, Valdemar Pinho Neto - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the trajectory of the gender gap over time and over the life cycle, using a matched employer-employee data from the formal labour market in Brazil. We document the evolution of participation and earnings for both males and females during the period 1994–2015 and the gender...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Karen Codazzi, Valéria Pero, André Albuquerque Sant'Anna - Review of Development Economics, 2018

Part of Journal Special Issue Female Autonomy and Women’s Welfare

Working Paper pdf
– Combining surveys and income tax data in Brazil
Marcelo Neri, Marcos Hecksher - , 2018

This paper evaluates the impacts of combining household surveys with income tax return files, in terms of growth, inequality, and social welfare in Brazil from 2007 to 2015. This exercise holds the promise of adding more realistic top income values to traditional surveys. While the previous...

Working Paper pdf
– Dynamic microsimulation, 2003–15
Marcelo Neri, Rozane Siqueira, José Ricardo Nogueira, Manuel Osorio - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper assesses causes and consequences of fiscal redistribution in Brazil. The framework proposed allows evaluating in an integrated manner the impacts of government-sponsored actions in inequality and mean income changes on social welfare, addressing both static and dynamic implications...

Working Paper pdf
Marcelo Neri, Tiago Bonomo - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

Education-related changes are often argued as the main reasons for changes in earnings distribution. However, omitted variable and measurement error biases possibly affect econometric estimates of these effects. Brazil experienced a sharp fall of individual labour income inequality between...

Working Paper pdf
Marcos Hecksher, Marcelo Neri, Pedro Luis do Nascimento Silva - UNU-WIDER, 2018 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper develops a new imputation methodology applied to missing incomes values in PNAD. PNAD is the main Brazilian household survey, but it has no imputation. The imputation process starts by fitting regression models applied to different income sources considering the complex sampling...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Patterns, trends, and their impacts on institutions
Pedro H. Leivas, Anderson M.A. dos Santos - Oxford Development Studies, 2018

Part of Journal Special Issue Horizontal Inequality: Persistence and Change

– Brazil and the Vale SA model of corporate interaction
Liesel Filgueiras, Andreia Rabetim, Isabel Aché - Oxford University Press, 2018

From the book: Extractive Industries

Working Paper pdf
– Insights from Brazil
Naila Kabeer, Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Concerns about the dramatic rise in income inequality across the world and, at the same time, assessments of national progress on the Millennium Development Goals made it clear that it is the intersection of income inequality, marginalized social identities and, very often, locational...

This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Guillermo Cruces, Gary S. Fields, David Jaume, Mariana Viollaz - Oxford University Press, 2017

This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. This book examines the links between economic growth, changing employment...

Working Paper pdf
– Brazil and the Vale SA model of corporate interaction
Liesel Filgueiras, Andreia Rabetim, Isabel Aché - UNU-WIDER, 2017 - Helsinki, Finland

Reflection about the role of corporate social investment in Brazil, associated with the presence of a large economic enterprise, is the major stimulus of this paper. It seeks to present how cross-sector governance can contribute to the social development of a city and how this process can be led...

Displaying 16 of 51 results.