36 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Informality
Blog
Can access to finance spur entrepreneurship in Indian informal sector?

Credit constraints, a consequence of the widespread failure of credit markets in developing countries, are widely regarded as a key constraint to entrepreneurship...

India Informality Entrepreneurship
Working Paper
Female labour supply and informal employment in Ecuador

Low- and middle-income countries face a trade-off between raising tax revenue to strengthen social protection and creating incentives for the population to enter formal employment...

Labour supply Informal work Tax-benefit policy
Blog
The COVID-19 crisis, informal workers, and gender — understanding the intersections

The COVID-19 crisis — the pandemic, restrictions, and recession — has not been a grand leveler...

Equality and inequality COVID-19 Gender
Journal Article
Informal work in sub-Saharan Africa: Dead end or stepping-stone?

Despite rapid economic growth in recent decades, informality remains a persistent phenomenon in the labor markets of many low- and middle-income countries...

Informality Labour market dynamics Sub-Saharan Africa
Book Chapter
Informalities, volatility, and precarious social mobility in urban slums

From the book: Social mobility in developing countries

Informality Slums Social mobility
Presentation
UNU-WIDER at WEAI Annual Conference

The 96th Western Economic Association International (WEAI) Annual Conference takes place online across 27 June to 1 July. This year’s programme includes a session chaired by Tim Gindling , Climbing the job ladder? Informal and formal work in a...

28 June 2021
Online, Los Angeles, United States
Past event
Blog
Ethnic diversity and informal employment in Ghana

Informal activities are widespread in many developing countries. In many sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries informal economic activities account for more than one-third of economic output and more than two-thirds of employment...

Ethnic diversity Inequalities Informality
Blog
Precarious employment for youth in Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia

Youth (those aged 15–29) in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) face notoriously precarious employment prospects...

Labour market outcomes Gender equality; Labour markets Informality
Blog
Precarization or protection? How labour policies influence the effects of globalization on informality

Globalization has generally coincided with a rise in work outside the formal economy, intensifying job precarization — when high-quality, formal jobs that entitle workers to benefits are replaced by jobs which may not comply with regulations an...

Precarity Labour market outcomes Informality
Blog
Better measures of informality can improve poverty reduction policy

In a recent study , my co-authors and I propose a new way to measure informality by household, rather than by individual worker...

Informality Labour rights Labour market outcomes
Blog
Ghana's lockdown hit vulnerable workers hard: What needs to happen next time

Coronavirus lockdowns brought the world to a standstill. Rules on hygiene and social distancing have reshaped daily life, schools and businesses had been closed, and gatherings banned...

COVID-19 Lockdown Employment
Working Paper
Towards sustainable livelihood in the Tanzanian informal economy: Facilitating inclusion, organization, and rights for street vendors

In spite of having some intensive national strategies to address poverty, Tanzania lacks a coherent national strategy to ensure sustainable livelihoods for those working in its informal economy, of which street vending is an important sector...

Tanzania Livelihoods Informal sector
Working Paper
Heterogeneous informality in Costa Rica and Nicaragua

Informal work is often considered a place of employment for marginalized and vulnerable workers who have been rationed out of preferred formal work...

Informality Developing countries Costa Rica
Working Paper
Precarization or protection? The impact of trade and labour policies on informality

Several episodes of market-oriented reforms in developing countries have been accompanied by a significant rise in work outside of the formal economy...

Brazil Informality Trade
Working Paper
Motherhood and flexible jobs: Evidence from Latin American countries

We study the causal effect of motherhood on labour market outcomes in Latin America by adopting an event study approach around the birth of the first child based on panel data from national household surveys for Chile, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay...

child penalty event study female labour supply
Working Paper
The labour market impact of COVID-19 lockdowns: Evidence from Ghana

In this paper, we provide causal evidence of the impact of stringent lockdown policies on labour market outcomes at both the extensive and intensive margins, using Ghana as a case study...

COVID-19 Lockdown Employment
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