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Publications (7129)

Arkebe Oqubay - Project Syndicate, 2020 - Prague, Czech Republic

There is no telling how long it will take to bring the COVID-19 coronavirus under control, or how many people will be affected. But African governments, in cooperation with communities and international actors, can take steps now to limit the damage – and lay the foundations for a healthier...

– My experience as a visiting PhD Fellow
Weiwei Chen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

I am now in my fourth year as a PhD student in development studies at SOAS, University of London, working on my thesis, ‘The Dynamics of Chinese Private Outward Foreign Direct Investment in Ethiopia: A Comparison of Light Manufacturing Industry and Construction Material Industry’....

Anne Tomi - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Globally, women are under-represented in the field of economics. Only a third of all academic research staff in the field of economics in Europe are women. In the US the share is even lower. And this share becomes smaller the higher one climbs in the hierarchy. Only 24% of professors in European...

Susan Villa - Kehitys-Utveckling, 2020 - Helsinki

Tony Addison is the first in his family not to become a miner. He has decades of experience in development economics and economic reform in developing countries. It was a rainy day in London at the turn of the 1980s. Twenty-year-old Tony Addison had been wandering around the streets when he...

– Relatório Final do Inquérito à Transição Ensino-Emprego dos Finalistas Universitários
Sam Jones, Ricardo Santos, Gimelgo Xirinda - UNU-WIDER, University of Copenhagen, University of Eduardo Mondlane, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This report documents the main findings of the Survey of School-to-Work Transitions of University Students. The research was planned and implemented by researchers at the United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER), the Development Economics...

– A complex relationship
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

One common characteristic of the fast-growing countries with good labour market outcomes — Korea, China, Vietnam — was their initially equal household income level, which was the result of renewed distribution of income. The most salient examples of more equal distribution methods...

Maria C. Lo Bue, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Over the past three decades, there has been notable progress on certain key dimensions of gender equality. Almost universally the gender gap in education has been narrowed and commitments to secure equal access to employment have advanced. However, the rate of progress towards gender equality in...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– The role of firm-level relationships for knowledge transfers in Africa and Asia
Carol Newman, John Page, John Rand, Måns Söderbom, Abebe Shimeles, Finn Tarp - Journal of Development Studies, 2020

This study combines evidence from interviews in seven countries with (i) government institutions responsible for attracting foreign direct investment (FDI), (ii) 102 multinationals (MNEs), and (iii) 226 domestic firms linked to these foreign affiliates as suppliers, customers, or competitors, to...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Rachel M. Gisselquist - World Development, 2020

External validity is a major challenge for experimental research. I offer a new perspective on this challenge, drawing on work on case studies and causal inference – the sort of material regularly covered in introductory methods courses in political science – to reflect on the use of...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Carlos Gradín - Applied Economics, 2020

We extend the conventional framework for measuring segregation to consider the stratification of occupations by gender, i.e. when either women or men are predominantly segregated into low-paying jobs. We propose the use of the concentration curve to analyse first-order stochastic dominance, and...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from South Africa
Francesco Amodio, Michele Di Maio, Yifan Li, Patrizio Piraino - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the relationship between product market competition and labour market outcomes in South Africa. We combine firm-level data from tax records with individual-level data from the labour force survey. We estimate markups across sectors, and derive a measure of employment concentration in...

Working Paper pdf
Reena das Nair, Namhla Landani - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Some entry barriers in agricultural and agro-processing value chains, particularly for smallholder farmers and small/medium-sized processors, can be overcome with innovation and technology adoption. Technologies and innovation in these sectors have been both radical and incremental, ranging...

Working Paper pdf
Robert Darko Osei, Richmond Atta-Ankomah, Monica Lambon-Quayefio - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This study examines the structural transformation–inclusive growth nexus for Ghana. The data cover the post-independence period for Ghana and are phased into three periods: the post-independence period to the start of the economic recovery programme (ERP) and structural adjustment...

Working Paper pdf
Anthony Black, Lawrence Edwards, Ruth Gorven, Willard Mapulanga - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Regional integration in Africa is underway but ongoing progress requires that the gains are widely spread. South Africa’s huge regional trade surplus in manufactured goods is already leading to protectionist pressures in neighbouring countries. Agro-processing is a large sector, which is...

Working Paper pdf
– A survey of structural transformation and inequality dynamics
Armida Alisjahbana, Kyunghoon Kim, Kunal Sen, Andy Sumner, Arief Yusuf - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper discusses the ‘developer’s dilemma’—a tension emerging from the fact that developing countries are simultaneously seeking structural transformation and broad-based growth to raise incomes of the poor. Simon Kuznets originally hypothesized that structural...

Working Paper pdf
– Landholding patterns and women’s low work participation rates in West Bengal, India
Deepita Chakravarty - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Compared with most other Indian states, women’s reported work participation rates have historically been low in West Bengal. This trend is more prominent in rural areas. Historians have tried to explain this phenomenon in terms of culture and the ideology of domesticity. While persisting...

Displaying 32 of 7129 results.