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Publications (378)

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from tax administrative data
Goodness C. Aye, Laurence Harris, Junior T. Chiweza - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines the relationship between monetary policy and wealth inequality in South Africa. We employed a unique database of tax administrative data which allowed us to account for individual heterogeneity. These tax data span from 2011 to 2017 and include over 3 million individual...

Working Paper pdf
– A Markov-switching approach
Gabriel Temesgen Woldu - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper empirically examines South Africa’s fiscal sustainability through a Markov-switching model which utilizes quarterly datasets for the period from 1960 to 2019. The results show that public debt responds positively, demonstrating a sustainable fiscal policy. Furthermore,...

Working Paper pdf
Katleho Makatjane, Roscoe van Wyk - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Exchange rate volatility is said to exemplify the economic health of a country. Exchange rate break points (known as structural breaks) have a momentous impact on the macroeconomy of a country. Nonetheless, this country study makes use of both unsupervised and supervised machine learning...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of BRICS
Goodness C. Aye - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

As the world battles with the triple problems of social, economic, and environmental challenges, it has become important to focus both policy and research efforts on these. Therefore, this study examines the effect of wealth inequality on CO2 emissions in five emerging economies: Brazil, Russia,...

Working Paper pdf
– The case of Zambia and South Africa
Mwanda Phiri, Shimukunku Manchishi - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The successful use of special economic zones as economic tools for export-led industrial development in East Asia propelled a wave of similar initiatives across Africa. In Southern Africa, Zambia and South Africa instituted special economic zones in their respective legal and institutional...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Monetary policy affects the real economy through various channels, including the interest rate, exchange rate, credit, and asset price channels. The credit channel has recently received considerable attention. Small firms are more sensitive to changes in interest rates. Small firms which...

Working Paper pdf
– Investigating the potential of spatial network effects in service delivery for reducing stunting in orphans
Grace Bridgman - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Stunted growth in early life has serious implications for children and is a well-established constraint to productivity, life expectancy, and cognitive development. This paper evaluates the relative contributions of household resources and public service delivery in reducing the orphan-...

Working Paper pdf
Heinrich Bohlmann, Rod Crompton - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper adds quantitative analysis to the study by Crompton et al. (2020), in which various alternative regulatory arrangements regarding the petrol price in South Africa were explored. We use a multi-sector dynamic computable general equilibrium model for South Africa to conduct our...

Working Paper pdf
Liako Mofo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Plastics are ubiquitous across the region and play an important role in multiple industries. Most plastic products are based on a value chain that is grounded in petroleum refining, posing an environmental challenge. Plastic manufacturing in South Africa suffers from the high cost of polymers as...

Working Paper pdf
– Firm-level evidence from South Africa
Caio Torres Mazzi, Gideon Ndubuisi, Elvis Avenyo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Using the South African Revenue Service and National Treasury firm-level panel data for 2009–17, this paper investigates how global value chain-related trade affects the export performance of manufacturing firms in South Africa. In particular, the paper uses extant classifications of...

UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Much work has been done on inequality in South Africa, but to date the literature that assesses the dynamic response of income or wealth distribution to economic policy actions is almost non-existent. This information gap is caused by data shortcomings that make it difficult to provide accurate...

– What kind of firms employ young people in South Africa?
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

According to South Africa’s National Development Plan Vision 2030, serious action needs to be taken to reduce poverty and encourage economic growth. One of the main challenges involves reducing the unemployment rates in South Africa, particularly among youth. In South Africa, young...

– The impact on equality in South Africa
UNU-WIDER - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The impact of medical deductions and medical credits on income inequality is a subject of discussion in South Africa, as well as in many other countries, raising critical questions about the fairness of the medical tax system and the impact on affordability for the poor. An in-depth analysis of...

Working Paper pdf
– Is it meeting its intended objectives?
Rod Crompton, Midesh Sing, Vernon Filter, Nonhlanhla Msimango - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The South African liquid fuels industry is a significant part of the economy. Historically, government policy focused on import substitution industrialization to support industry margins. This approach is called into question by the 2006 shift from net exports to imports and by inflated...

Working Paper pdf
– Diagnosing South Africa's anomalies in the shadow of racial discrimination
Giorgio d'Agostino, Francesco Giuli, Marco Lorusso, Margherita Scarlato - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Inequality in South Africa is the enduring legacy of racial discrimination. We use a dynamic perspective to show the linkages between persistent effects of discrimination in the labour market and the efficacy of redistributive fiscal policy in reducing inequality. We present a machine-learning...

Working Paper pdf
– Economy-wide scenarios
Rob Davies, Dirk van Seventer - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Technical change impacts both the employment intensity of production and the composition of occupations and skills of employment. Artificial intelligence, automation, and robots are already leading to machines undertaking routinizable tasks previously carried out by workers. This can lead to...

Displaying 32 of 378 results.