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Publications (160)

Journal Article
Ilham Haouas, Mahmoud Yagoubi, Almas Heshmati - Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, 0

This paper investigates the process of adjustment in employment. A dynamic model is applied to a panel of six Tunisian manufacturing industries observed over a period of 25 years, from 1971 to 1996. Industries are assumed to adjust their labor inputs toward a desired level. A labor requirement...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– A bridge between micro and macro estimates?
Markus Jäntti, Jukka Pirttilä, Håkan Selin - Journal of Public Economics, 2015 - Amsterdam, Netherlands

The Nordic model relies on high tax rates to finance an extensive welfare state. If labour supply elasticities are large, the burden of financing the model can be large even if, arguably, the practice of providing subsidised goods that support labour supply is likely to mitigate these effects. We...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– A counter-argument to the recommendation in the Mirrlees Review
Spencer Bastani, Sören Blomquist, Jukka Pirttilä - Oxford Economic Papers, 2015 - Oxford, UK

The Mirrlees Review recommends that commodity taxation should in general be uniform, but with some goods consumed in conjunction with labour supply (such as child care) left untaxed. This article examines the validity of this claim in an optimal income tax framework. Contrary to the...

This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Tommi Härkänen, Kaisa Kotakorpi, Pirjo Pietinen, Jukka Pirttilä, Heli Reinivuo, Ilpo Suoniemi - Food Policy, 2014 - Amsterdam, Netherlands

This paper examines the effects of health-oriented food tax reforms on the distribution of tax payments, food demand and health outcomes. We offer an illustration of how one can take into account the uncertainty related to both demand estimation and health estimates and to produce confidence...

– Economywide Analysis for Ethiopia and Uganda
Paul A. Dorosh, James Thurlow - World Development, 2014 - Amsterdam, Netherlands

Rapid urbanization is an important characteristic of African development and yet the structural transformation debate focuses on agriculture’s relative merits without also considering the benefits from urban agglomeration. As a result, African governments are often provided conflicting...

– Evidence from a Group-Based Aid Project in Mozambique
Milla Nyyssölä, Jukka Pirttilä, Susanna Sandström - Finnish Economic Papers, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper evaluates the impact of an intervention to improve farming techniques and food security in the Gaza area of rural Mozambique. We examine the impact of a group-based approach to technology adoption in subsistence agriculture, using panel data collected by our research team on over 200...

Wisdom Akpalu, Worku T. Bitew - Journal of Bioeconomics, 2014 - Dordrecht, Netherlands

Fish stocks around the world are heavily overexploited in spite of fishing policies in several parts of the world designed to limit overfishing. Recent studies have found that the complexity of ecological systems and the diversity of species, as well as negative impact of fishing activities on...

This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– An Empirical Analysis
Jukka Pirttilä, Ilpo Suoniemi - The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 2014 - Oxford, UK

The theoretical analysis of optimal commodity taxation is advanced, but there is only limited empirical evidence to guide commodity tax policies. With this paper, we contribute to this body of literature by empirically examining, using Finnish consumption data, the relation between working hours,...

Working Paper pdf
– Views from Africa
Hippolyte Fofack - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Although development generally refers to a broad concept, the quest for development in Sub-Saharan Africa has been biased by ideological considerations which made abstraction of local conditions and people’s aspirations. The prevalent development models have used increased national income as...

Working Paper pdf
Ioannis N. Kessides - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Over the past decade, Africa has been experiencing an economic resurgence. Yet, the continent is facing several difficult challenges and many economies of the region continue to be among the least competitive in the world. Africa’s competitiveness is adversely affected by: (i) poor regional...

Working Paper pdf
– The Missing Evidence from Luminosity Data
Juan M. Villa - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

The effects of social transfers on growth are still unclear. The limitations of aggregated data at sub-national levels have confined the analysis to the use of simulation models and household surveys. As an alternative, this paper contributes to the empirical literature by assessing the effects of...

Blog
Justin Lin, Yan Wang - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

23 April 2014 Justin Yifu Lin and Yan Wang At the onset of its miraculous rise in 1979, China had been trapped in poverty for centuries and was poorer than most sub-Saharan African countries. Thanks to the right strategies for transformation, China achieved an average annual growth rate of...

Working Paper pdf
Ragui Assaad, Caroline Krafft - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Marriage is the single most important economic transaction and social transition in the lives of young people. Yet little is known about the economics of marriage in much of the developing world. This paper examines the economics of marriage in North Africa, where asymmetric rights in marriage...

Working Paper pdf
Keun Lee, Calestous Juma, John Mathews - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

A sustainable pathway for Africa in the twenty-first century is laid out in the setting of the development of innovation capabilities and the capture of latecomer advantages. Africa has missed out on these possibilities in the twentieth century while seeing the East Asian countries advance. There...

Working Paper pdf
Ousmane Badiane, Tsitsi Makombe - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Africa’s improved growth performance over the last 15 years provides an opportunity for the continent to transit from recovery to structural transformation. This paper reviews the evolution of development theory and practice, the role of agriculture therein, and the pace of structural...

Working Paper pdf
Nadereh Chamlou - UNU-WIDER, 2014 - Helsinki, Finland

Economics has rediscovered happiness even though the discipline has always been about human wellbeing. A growing evidence suggests that happier people can be more productive and innovative, which leads to profitability and economic growth. Thus, there are concerted efforts to measure happiness and...

Displaying 16 of 160 results.