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Publications (100)

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Mexican municipalities
Ana L. De La O - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Does clientelism perpetuate the weak state capacity that characterizes many young democracies? Prior work explains that clientelist parties skew public spending to private goods and under-supply public goods. Building on these insights, this article argues that clientelism creates a...

Working Paper pdf
Dragan Filipovich, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa, Alma Santillán Hernández - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Voter coercion is a recurrent threat to pro-poor redistribution in young democracies. In this study we focus on Mexico’s paradigmatic Progresa-Oportunidades-Prospera (POP) programme. We investigate whether local mayors exploited POP to coerce voters, and if so, what effect these actions had...

Working Paper pdf
Susan Stokes - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

There are sound theoretical reasons to expect clientelism to suppress economic growth: politicians who garner support by offering employment to voters and grassroots party members can do so more effectively when the voters’ participation constraint is met with low wages. Hence, clientelism...

Blog
Sonia Bhalotra, Manuel Fernández - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

At the global level, gender gaps in labour force participation have narrowed and over half a billion women have joined the workforce in the last 30 years. However, there is enormous variation in women's labour force participation (FLFP) across low- and middle-income countries, and there is no...

Book Chapter This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Labour markets and fiscal redistribution 1989–2014
Raymundo M. Campos-Vázquez, Nora Lustig, John Scott - Oxford University Press, 2021 - Oxford
Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Latin American countries
Inés Berniell, Lucila Berniell, Dolores de la Mata, María Edo, Mariana Marchionni - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We study the causal effect of motherhood on labour market outcomes in Latin America by adopting an event study approach around the birth of the first child based on panel data from national household surveys for Chile, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay. Our main contributions are: (i) providing new...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Mexican informal and formal workers
Emily Conover, Melanie Khamis, Sarah Pearlman - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we analyse informal work in Mexico, which accounts for the majority of employment in the country and has grown over time. We document that the informal sector is composed of two distinct parts: salaried informal employment and self-employment. Relative to self-employment and formal...

Working Paper pdf
– Supply vs demand factors
Sonia Bhalotra, Manuel Fernández - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We estimate the relative importance of alternative labour supply and demand mechanisms in explaining the rise of female labour force participation over the last 55 years in Mexico. The growth of female labour force participation in Mexico between 1960 and 2015 followed an S-shape, with a...

Working Paper pdf
– Uncovering the nature of informal employment in urban Mexico
Robert Duval Hernández - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Using a special module of the 2015 Mexican Labour Force Survey with information on workers’ preferences for jobs with social security coverage, I estimate that 80 per cent of informal workers in large urban areas would prefer to work in a job that provides them with such coverage. A...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from changes in the occupational structure of employment in the USA and Mexico
Guido Matias Cortes, Diego M. Morris - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The decline of employment in middle-wage, routine task intensive jobs has been well documented for the USA. Increased offshoring towards lower-income countries such as Mexico has been proposed as a potential driver of this decline. Our analysis provides a unique and new approach to address the...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– The Case of Mexico’s Progresa-Oportunidades-Prospera Programme
Serena Masino, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa - Journal of Development Studies, 2020

This paper follows a quasi-experimental research design to assess the impact of the electronic payment system of Mexico’s Progresa-Oportunidades-Prospera (POP) programme. The switch from cash payments to electronic payments delivered via savings accounts is found to have medium-term effects...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– 1990–2015
Carlos A. Ibarra, Jaime Ros - World Development, 2019

This article is currently available on early view. The paper studies the decline of the labor income share (LIS) in Mexico during the period 1990–2015. The decline is mostly explained by reductions within the economy’s major sectors (including manufacturing, tradables, and non-...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– A transition model for Mexico’s Progresa-Oportunidades-Prospera program
Juan M. Villa, Miguel Niño-Zarazúa - The Journal of Economic Inequality, 2019

The effects of conditional cash transfers (CCTs) on poverty and well-being have been widely studied. However, there is limited knowledge on how a CCT should respond to the dynamics of poverty. How should program administrators treat beneficiaries that exit poverty in period t-1, but exhibit a...

Carlos Gradín, Kunal Sen - United Nations Development Programme Human Development Reports, 2019

Income inequality is the result of complex processes with multiple interacting driving forces but understanding those drivers in emerging economies is particularly difficult because of data and analytical challenges. While most middle-income countries produce comprehensive household surveys these...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from the Panic of 1907
David Escamilla-Guerrero, Moramay Lopez-Alonso - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Using height as a proxy for physical productivity of labour, this paper estimates the selection of Mexican migration to the United States at the beginning of the flow (1906–08), and it exploits a natural experiment of history to evaluate the impact of random shocks on short-run...

Blog
Carlos A. Ibarra, Jaime Ros - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki

As with many other developed and emerging economies, in recent decades Mexico has experienced a long-term decline in the labour income share. In other words, wages have decreased compared with other sources of income such as capital income. The share of wages in total income has fallen from about...

Displaying 16 of 100 results.