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Publications (340)

– Are women more affected?
Bina Agarwal - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Globally, governments are using lockdowns to contain the spread of COVID-19. This has disproportionately affected the poor, the homeless, and the migrants who are left without livelihoods, especially where the lockdown is country-wide, as in India. But has it affected women more than men? If so,...

– An all too real dilemma for the poor in India (and elsewhere)
Marty Chen - WIEGO, 2020

On March 24, in a speech to the nation, Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India, announced a 21-day lockdown. With only four hours’ notice, 1.3 billion people were expected to stay at home and not venture out for three weeks. All buses, trains and domestic air flights were suspended. But the...

Working Paper pdf
Alia Aghajanian, Patricia Justino, Jean-Pierre Tranchant - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the relationship between household exposure to riots and social capital in urban India using a panel dataset collected by the authors in the state of Maharashtra. The analysis applies a random-effect model with lagged covariates to estimate the exogenous effect of riots on...

Working Paper pdf
– An investigation of India’s employment guarantee programme
Parantap Basu, Rajesh Raj Natarajan, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Administrative failures in anti-poverty programmes are widespread in developing countries. We focus on one such administrative failure—the persistent delay in paying beneficiaries on time in India’s iconic anti-poverty programme, the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA...

Working Paper pdf
– Landholding patterns and women’s low work participation rates in West Bengal, India
Deepita Chakravarty - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Compared with most other Indian states, women’s reported work participation rates have historically been low in West Bengal. This trend is more prominent in rural areas. Historians have tried to explain this phenomenon in terms of culture and the ideology of domesticity. While persisting...

Working Paper pdf
Gregory Clark - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

In societies where surnames are inherited from parents, we can use these names to estimate rates of intergenerational mobility. This paper explains how to make such estimates, and illustrates their use in pre-industrial England and modern Chile and India. These surname estimates have the...

Working Paper pdf
– Theory and evidence from India
Prasenjit Banerjee, Vegard Iversen, Sandip Mitra, Antonio Nicolò, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

What motivates individuals to become politicians? This is an important question in decentralized democracies, where local politicians play a key role in public goods provision. However, and in emerging economies, bureaucratic hurdles and administrative failures introduce uncertainty about the...

Working Paper pdf
– Two episodes
Saon Ray, Sabyasachi Kar - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Developing countries face a trade-off between the twin objectives of structural transformation and inclusive growth. This is the ‘developer’s dilemma’. This study analyses the dilemma as it manifested itself in the Indian context, and identifies two distinct episodes over the...

Working Paper pdf
– Measurement (and downward mobility) pitfalls
Vegard Iversen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Limited attention has been paid to how well social mobility measures debated and used to study industrial countries perform in analysis of low-income settings. Following brief, selective reviews of the axiomatic and econometric literatures, three mobility concepts illustrate how properties...

Working Paper pdf
– A comparison across different selection models
Indrajit Bairagya - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This study focuses on estimating the returns to education in non-farm self-employed businesses in the Indian context, using nationwide individual- and household-level data provided by the India Human Development Survey for the year 2011/12. Given that different studies have used different...

This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Kaushik Basu - Oxford University Press, 2019

From the book: Asian Transformations

Journal Special Issue This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
Rachel M. Gisselquist, Finn Tarp - International Migration, 2019

Building knowledge about migration governance and policy in the Global South is a priority for research and policy. The studies in this special section offer both new empirical insights and new frameworks for analysis, with key policy implications, that can enrich our discussion of these...

Journal Article This peer-reviewed research is available free of charge. UNU-WIDER believes that research is a global public good and supports Open Access.
– Evidence from Indian Experience
Pinaki Chakraborty, Shatakshi Garg - International Migration, 2019
Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from a lab-in-the-field experiment in India
Prasenjit Banerjee, Vegard Iversen, Sandip Mitra, Antonio Nicolò, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2019

In emerging economies, pro-social policy outcomes may be prevented by bureaucratic inefficiency, capture by elected or non-elected office holders, or by other hurdles. For local citizens, uncertainty about the true cause of such failures often prevails. We study the pro-sociality...

Working Paper pdf
– A comparative approach with India
Carlos Gradín, Binbin Wu - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We analyse income and expenditure distribution in China in a comparative perspective with India. These countries represent extreme cases in the relationship of inequality to both wellbeing indicators. Income is more highly concentrated than expenditure in India, especially at the top of the...

– Are non-farm jobs the driver or a brake?
Chris Elbers, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2019

The increasing proportion of non-agricultural work in rural India has commonly been associated with widening income inequality. However, our simulations from the village of Palanpur in the north suggest that without this diversification inequality might well have increased even more. From...

Displaying 16 of 340 results.