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Publications (2857)

Working Paper pdf
Johannes Hermanus Kemp, Hylton Hollander - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Much of the research on fiscal multipliers has used reduced form modelling approaches. While these models have been extended to include richer controls and identification approaches, it remains unclear whether shocks identified capture the true structural shocks. An alternative way to identify...

Working Paper pdf
Johannes Hermanus Kemp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Despite the frequent use of fiscal policy for stabilization purposes and the important role fiscal activism has played over the last decade, the size of budgetary multipliers (i.e. the output response following an exogenous shock to fiscal policy) has been heatedly debated at the theoretical and...

Working Paper pdf
Vidhya Unnikrishnan, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Whether cash transfers have unintended behavioural effects on the recipient household’s labour supply is of considerable policy interest. We examine the ‘intent to treat effect’ of the Indira Gandhi National Old-Age Pension Scheme on prime-age women’s labour supply...

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– Assessing the relative effectiveness of egalitarian governance and healthcare system capacity on the COVID-19 pandemic
Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati, Arusha Cooray, Indra de Soysa - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Scholars of public health typically focus on societal equity for explaining public health outcomes. Indeed, the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a spate of studies showing a tight connection between inequitable access to healthcare, welfare services, and adverse outcomes from the pandemic. Others...

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– Barriers to entry and the role of African multinational corporations
Teboho Bosiu, Thando Vilakazi - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The growth of African multinational companies in Southern and East Africa in recent decades brings with it a great opportunity for development of productive capacity in the region and greater regional integration. This study identifies three emerging multinationals in the region—Trade...

Working Paper pdf
Olle Östensson - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The paper reviews what we know about the possibilities of designing and implementing policy measures that raise the contribution of the extractive industries’ production/consumption links to economic growth and wellbeing, and reviews how policies pursued by various governments have...

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Serena Merrino - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper aims at providing new evidence over the effect of conventional monetary policy shocks on wage inequality through the earnings heterogeneity channel under the inflation-targeting regime implemented in South Africa since 2000. The empirical contribution follows previous studies by...

Working Paper pdf
– What’s China got to do with it?
Daniel Chachu, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The term fiscal resource curse refers to countries’ inability to raise taxes from a broad base in the presence of natural resources. We employ a novel instrumental variable strategy to estimate the causal effect of resource revenues on non-resource tax effort by exploiting the so-called...

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Anthea Paelo, Genna Robb - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews comparative approaches to key issues in economic regulation in four countries of the Southern African Development Community, and how this has been reflected in outcomes in terms of competition, prices, access, and innovation in telecommunications services. In this paper,...

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Genna Robb, Anthea Paelo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Low levels of broadband penetration combined with poor quality of services present a challenge to growth and development in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). This paper performs a comparative analysis of the competitive dynamics of telecommunications markets in four SADC...

Working Paper pdf
Tilman Brück, Neil T. N. Ferguson, Patricia Justino, Wolfgang Stojetz - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The global spread of COVID-19 is one of the largest threats to people and governments since the Second World War. The on-going pandemic and its countermeasures have led to varying physical, psychological, and emotional experiences, shaping not just public health and the economy but also societies...

Working Paper pdf
Twahir Khalfan, Elineema Kisanga, Vincent Leyaro, Faith Masekesa, Michael Noble, Gemma Wright - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The provision of a universal old age pension is increasingly recognized as an important instrument for strengthening and extending social protection. A growing number of emerging economies, including East African countries, are introducing universal old age pensions to guarantee at least a...

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– The role of liquefied natural gas and implications for East African producers
Etienne Romsom, Kathryn McPhail - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This study provides an overview of the use of natural gas and liquefied natural gas in Asia, both historic, current, and with an outlook for the future. Traditionally, Asia has been a strong liquefied natural gas producing region as well as the premier liquefied natural gas market. This...

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– Evidence from South Africa using data from tax records
Aalia Cassim - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Attempts to regulate the temporary employment sector have had mixed results internationally. In South Africa, temporary employment was regulated in 2015 through amendments to the Labour Relations Act. This paper uses administrative data to examine the short-term impact of strengthening...

Working Paper pdf
– Gender inequality in salary expectations of university students
Carlos Gradín, Félix Mambo, Yonesse Paris, Ricardo Santos - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Students’ expectations about their future wages are established in the literature as relevant determinants of the choices made for education progression and, at the university level, for the area and course to be studied. In this paper, the first comparable analysis in sub-Saharan Africa...

Working Paper pdf
– COVID-19 and poverty incidence, intensity, and severity in developing countries
Andy Sumner, Eduardo Ortiz-Juarez, Chris Hoy - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper makes a set of estimates for the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on poverty incidence, intensity, and severity in developing countries and on the distribution of global poverty. We conclude there could be increases in poverty of a substantial magnitude—up to 400 million...

Displaying 16 of 2857 results.