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Publications (2778)

Working Paper pdf
– Measurement (and downward mobility) pitfalls
Vegard Iversen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Limited attention has been paid to how well social mobility measures debated and used to study industrial countries perform in analysis of low-income settings. Following brief, selective reviews of the axiomatic and econometric literatures, three mobility concepts illustrate how properties...

Working Paper pdf
Patricia Funjika, Rachel M. Gisselquist - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The relationship between social mobility and inequality is well studied in the literature, but far greater attention has been paid to ‘vertical’ than to ‘horizontal’ inequality. This paper focuses on mobility and horizontal inequality between ethnic, racial, and...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from changes in the occupational structure of employment in the USA and Mexico
Guido Matias Cortes, Diego M. Morris - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The decline of employment in middle-wage, routine task intensive jobs has been well documented for the USA. Increased offshoring towards lower-income countries such as Mexico has been proposed as a potential driver of this decline. Our analysis provides a unique and new approach to address the...

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– Resource rents, fiscal capacity, and political institutions in developing economies
Tania Masi, Antonio Savoia, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

States’ fiscal capacity plays a pivotal role in developing economies, but it is less clear what its determinants are or what explains cross-country differences. We focus on the impact of natural resources. Standard arguments suggest that natural resources rents may reduce incentives to...

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– New evidence from sub-Saharan Africa
Abdul Malik Iddrisu, Michael Danquah, Alfred Barimah, Williams Ohemeng - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Sub-Saharan Africa continues to post one of the highest gender gaps in educational outcomes in the world. Gender gaps in educational outcomes might be attributed to an uneven allocation of household resources towards the schooling of boys and girls. In this paper, we interrogate this issue...

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– Evidence from a public federal university in Brazil
Henrique Z. Motte, Rodrigo C. Oliveira - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Can students’ rank in the ability distribution of their class impact their academic achievement? We aim to answer this question using a discontinuity generated by a rule for the distribution of students between classes at a prestigious Brazilian university. The rule means that in...

Working Paper pdf
– Recent approaches and evidence
Himanshu, Peter Lanjouw - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper examines income mobility in developing countries. We start by synthesizing findings from the available evidence on relative mobility and poverty dynamics. We then describe evidence on economic mobility obtained via synthetic panels constructed from cross-section data. We echo...

Working Paper pdf
Patrizio Piraino - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Empirical studies in developing countries tend to find higher levels of socioeconomic persistence across generations compared with those of high-income economies. However, there have been relatively few advances in the identification of the drivers of such higher levels of intergenerational...

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– A comparison across different selection models
Indrajit Bairagya - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This study focuses on estimating the returns to education in non-farm self-employed businesses in the Indian context, using nationwide individual- and household-level data provided by the India Human Development Survey for the year 2011/12. Given that different studies have used different...

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– A case study of a quantitative sociological approach to social mobility research in the Global South
Yaojun Li - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This study analyses intergenerational class mobility in China as a case study of a quantitative sociological approach to social mobility research in the Global South. Drawing on national representative surveys collected between 2010 and 2015 in China, the analysis focuses on absolute and...

Working Paper pdf
– How spillovers from foreign direct investment boost the complexity of South Africa’s exports
Bjørn Bo Sørensen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Countries’ economic complexity, and the associated diversification and sophistication of their exports, is a key determinant of economic growth. Understanding how South African firms learn to export more sophisticated products is, therefore, an important policy issue. Using...

Working Paper pdf
– A micro-level analysis
Michael Danquah, Abdul Malik Iddrisu, Williams Ohemeng, Alfred Barimah - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The financial sector in rural areas, where most of the poor people in sub-Saharan Africa are found, has transformed massively in recent times, notably through the increased penetration of several types of rural financial intermediaries in addition to rural and community banks and microfinance...

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Lawrence Edwards, Ayanda Hlatshwayo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper uses detailed firm transaction data on manufactured exports to analyse the dilution of the real exchange rate-export relationship in South Africa over the period 2010 to 2014. Our empirical results show that firms that are larger, have higher export shares in destination markets,...

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– Different economic models but similarly low levels of socioeconomic mobility
Roy van der Weide, Ambar Narayan - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

The United States and China are the world’s largest economies. Together they are responsible for about one-third of the world’s economic output. This paper aims to examine whether the two economic giants are also lands of opportunity where resources are allocated in a way that...

Working Paper pdf
Anandi Mani, Emma Riley - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

We review the literature on pathways through which social networks may influence social mobility in developing countries. We find that social networks support members in tangible ways—via access to opportunities for migration, credit, trading relationships, information on jobs, and new...

Working Paper pdf
Jonathan Glennie, Nilima Gulrajani, Andy Sumner, Myles Wickstead - UNU-WIDER, 2019 - Helsinki, Finland

Most Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development countries have accepted, in principle at least, the 50-year-old commitment of contributing 0.7 per cent of gross national income to supporting the development of countries in the Global South. But what if all countries made a...

Displaying 16 of 2778 results.