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Publications (2890)

Working Paper pdf
Sefa Awaworyi Churchill, Michael Danquah - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

We present the first study that examines the effects of ethnic diversity on informal work. Using two waves of data from the Ghana Socioeconomic Panel Survey, we find that ethnic diversity is associated with a higher probability of engaging in informal work. Specifically, our instrumental variable...

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Evelyn Dietsche - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper explores the potential impacts of the transition to a low-carbon future for the taxation of extractive resources. The global debate on climate change has firmly moved on from the question of whether countries ought to shift towards such a future to that of how they are going to achieve...

Working Paper pdf
– An interpretative survey in the time of COVID-19
Prema-chandra Athukorala, Chaturica Athukorala - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918-20—commonly known as the Spanish flu—infected over a quarter of the world’s population and killed over 50 million people. It is by far the greatest humanitarian disaster caused by infectious disease in modern history. Epidemiologists and...

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– A development perspective
Antonio Savoia, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper reviews the recent literature on the developmental effects of resource abundance, assessing likely effects and channels with respect to income inequality, poverty, education, and health. To date, this area has received less analysis although it is relevant to the Sustainable...

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– Diagnosing South Africa's anomalies in the shadow of racial discrimination
Giorgio d'Agostino, Francesco Giuli, Marco Lorusso, Margherita Scarlato - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Inequality in South Africa is the enduring legacy of racial discrimination. We use a dynamic perspective to show the linkages between persistent effects of discrimination in the labour market and the efficacy of redistributive fiscal policy in reducing inequality. We present a machine-learning...

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– Economy-wide scenarios
Rob Davies, Dirk van Seventer - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Technical change impacts both the employment intensity of production and the composition of occupations and skills of employment. Artificial intelligence, automation, and robots are already leading to machines undertaking routinizable tasks previously carried out by workers. This can lead to...

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– Evolving trends during the transition to a low carbon future
Magnus Ericsson, Olof Löf - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The first objective of this paper is to update earlier assessments of mineral dependence in lower-income countries. In 2018, the mining of metals and coal continued to be an important contributor to the economies of several low- and middle-income countries. As in our previous calculations of the...

Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín, Simone Schotte - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we analyse the role of the changing nature of occupational employment and wages in explaining the trend in earnings inequality in Ghana between 2006 and 2017, a period in which there was a substantial transformation of the economy, with workers moving out of agriculture and...

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– Trade liberalization and the rise of populism in Brazil
Francesco Iacoella, Patricia Justino, Bruno Martorano - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper investigates the long-term impact of economic shocks on populism, by exploiting a natural experiment created by the trade liberalization process implemented in Brazil between 1990 and 1995. This high impact and low duration event generated a profound shock to the economy with, we argue...

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Markus Jäntti, Jukka Pirttilä, Risto Rönkkö - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

An influential paper by Berg et al., ‘Redistribution, inequality, and growth: new evidence’, uses the SWIID data to examine the impact of inequality and redistribution on growth in both developing and developed countries. It finds that while inequality is harmful for growth,...

Working Paper pdf
Carlos Gradín - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper, we use the World Income Inequality Database to assess the main trends in inequality within countries since around 1990. We cope with the heterogeneity in the original information (regarding the measure of resources, equivalence scale, etc.) by focusing on the trends rather than...

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– A multiplier decomposition analysis for Myanmar
Dirk van Seventer, Finn Tarp - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper considers the impacts of agro-industry development and international trade on income distribution in Myanmar, focusing on low-income rural households. We use a social accounting matrix multiplier (SAM) decomposition model featuring detailed economic linkages. After describing the...

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Arusha Cooray, Chandan Kumar Jha, Bibhudutta Panda - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

While the effects of corruption on bilateral trade have been relatively well explored, its effect on the composition of trading partners has not been studied. In this paper, we argue that corruption in a country is likely to impose asymmetric costs on its trading partners depending on their...

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Anne Kamau, Maureen Odongo - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

The implementation of a Single Customs Territory by East African Community countries is intended to ease the movement of goods across borders by cutting costs and time through harmonization and simplification of customs documents, removal of burdensome customs procedures, and automation of...

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– The case of Tanzania
Maureen Were, Lekinyi Mollel - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

Rising public debt in sub-Saharan Africa remains a matter of concern. We provide an analysis of public debt and debt sustainability in Tanzania, focusing on external debt. Though current and previous analyses using the IMF-World Bank debt sustainability framework indicate low risk of public...

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– Evidence from Cameroon
Rose Fontep, Kunal Sen - UNU-WIDER, 2020 - Helsinki, Finland

We examine the intergenerational mobility of women relative to men, using paired mother-daughter and father-son data on occupation and education for Cameroon. We find that both in occupation and education, intergenerational mobility is higher for sons than for daughters. The intergenerational...

Displaying 16 of 2890 results.