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Publications (3116)

Working Paper pdf
Michael Kilumelume, Bruno Morando, Carol Newman, John Rand - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

An often-neglected potential negative consequence of tariffs is the impact they may have on the misallocation of factor inputs. Trade protection can provide space for domestic firms to increase prices and mark-ups, allowing low-productivity firms to survive, thereby leading to a sub-optimal...

Working Paper pdf
Amina Ebrahim, C. Friedrich Kreuser, Michael Kilumelume - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper presents version 4.0 of the CIT-IRP5 firm-level panel dataset. Version 4.0 is the latest edition of the firm-level component of the combined administrative data using sources from the South African Revenue Service. We show that differences in forms and vintages do generally not...

Working Paper pdf
Abdul A. Erumban, Gaaitzen de Vries - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper proposes an empirical framework that relates poverty reduction to production growth. We use the GGDC/UNU-WIDER Economic Transformation Database to measure the contribution to growth of productivity improvements within sectors and structural change—the reallocation of workers...

Working Paper pdf
Tu Thi Ngoc Le, Ngoc Thi Bich Pham - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This study seeks to determine the effect on the gender employment gap and women’s employment of the extension of maternity leave from four months to six months in Viet Nam’s 2012 Labor Code. To identify this effect, labour market outcomes of groups of women and men are compared. We...

Working Paper pdf
Kyle McNabb, Michael Danquah, Abrams M.E. Tagem - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Attention on domestic resource mobilization—particularly in developing countries—has increased significantly in recent years. This stems from, among other things, recognition in the Sustainable Development Goals that further domestic funding is required for development needs, and the...

Working Paper pdf
– Evidence from Mexican municipalities
Ana L. De La O - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Does clientelism perpetuate the weak state capacity that characterizes many young democracies? Prior work explains that clientelist parties skew public spending to private goods and under-supply public goods. Building on these insights, this article argues that clientelism creates a...

Working Paper pdf
Michael Danquah, Bazoumana Ouattara - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

A plethora of work has been done on the effectiveness of foreign aid. However, virtually none of the previous studies has investigated the impact of aid on social cohesion. Yet, in order to promote the achievement of the targets in SDG 16, donors and global partners of developing countries...

Working Paper pdf
– A microsimulation analysis on selected African countries
Adnan Abdulaziz Shahir, Francesco Figari - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Although the effect of fiscal drag is well studied in the industrialized world, empirical evidence from developing economies remains limited. Against this backdrop, this study aims to explore the effect of fiscal drag on income distribution and work incentives. To this end, the study employs...

Working Paper pdf
Beatriz Calzada Olvera, Mario Gonzalez-Sauri, Federico Louvin, David-Alexander Harings Moya - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

With data from the World Bank Enterprise Survey, this paper examines how firm-level resilience capabilities interact with government support in the reduction of lay-offs among formal firms in Central America. We estimate two latent variables to approximate resilience-related capabilities...

Working Paper pdf
Maya Goldman, Ihsaan Bassier, Joshua Budlender, Lindi Mzankomo, Ingrid Woolard, Murray Leibbrandt - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

We use a fiscal incidence model based on the South African 2014/15 Living Conditions Survey to simulate the poverty reduction impacts of a selection of medium-to-long-term social grant options with the goal of replacing the existing special COVID-19 Social Relief of Distress grant upon its expiry...

Working Paper pdf
– Simulating potential Cash Plus reforms using MicroZAMOD
Katrin Gasior, David McLennan, Mbewe Kalikeka, Miselo Bwalya, Maria Jouste - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

A large share of the population in Zambia is living below the national poverty line. To reduce poverty, in 2019, the government initiated the Cash Plus reform, which aims to build on the existing Social Cash Transfer as a floor benefit with additional benefits to take account of the...

Working Paper pdf
– Evaluating the 2020 reform and four alternative reform scenarios using UGAMOD, a tax-benefit microsimulation model for Uganda
Ronald Waiswa, Jesse Lastunen, Gemma Wright, Michael Noble, Joseph Okello Ayo, Milly Isingoma Nalukwago, Tina Kaidu Barugahara, Susan Kavuma, Isaac Arinaitwe, Martin Mwesigye, Wilson Asiimwe, Pia Rattenhuber - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Presumptive tax, a final tax on business income, was introduced in Uganda in 1997. The latest reform to the regime in July 2020 sought to make the system more progressive, simpler, and fairer to small firms. In this work, we evaluate the reform, focusing on its revenue implications based on...

Working Paper pdf
– A descriptive analysis
Sergio Firpo, Alysson Portella, Flavio Riva, Giovanna Úbida - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

In this paper we use different sources of data on job task content to investigate the importance of occupations and the intensity of routine tasks embodied in them in explaining changes in employment and earnings in Brazil, in particular their relation with earnings and polarization, and...

Working Paper pdf
Abrams M.E. Tagem, Oliver Morrissey - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

There is limited research on the underlying institutional framework of tax policy and capacity: how tax collection efficiency changes over time and the importance of institutional factors in this process. This paper fills this gap by devising a measure of tax capacity distinct from commonly...

Working Paper pdf
– A reflection of practices, policies, and legislation
William Amos Pallangyo - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

This paper assesses the participation of female traders, safety factors, and existing policies and legislation in the informal sector in Tanzania. Primary data were obtained from 11 in-depth interviews, 10 focused group discussions, and 236 structured questionnaires. The primary data were...

Working Paper pdf
Neil McCulloch, Davide Natalini, Naomi Hossain, Patricia Justino - UNU-WIDER, 2021 - Helsinki, Finland

Between 2005 and 2018, 41 countries had at least one riot directly associated with popular demand for fuel. We make use of a new international dataset on fuel riots to explore the effects of fuel prices and price regimes on fuel riots. In line with prior expectations, we find that large...

Displaying 16 of 3116 results.