Policy Brief
Poverty in Mozambique

Significant progress but challenges remain

In 1990, Mozambique was one of the poorest countries in the world, with poverty estimated to reach 80% of the total population. At that stage, a Millennium Development Goal of reducing this proportion by half posed a very difficult target to meet. After the ‘war of destabilization’ in 1992, and particularly from the beginning of the new millennium, Mozambique experienced stronger growth and stability. Yet from 2002/03 to 2008/09 poverty reduction stagnated. From 2008/09 to 2014/15, the Mozambican economy kept growing at a similar, stable pace. The question that needed to be answered was then: what had happened to poverty?

This Policy Brief, also available in Portuguese (disponível em Português), draws on Mozambique’s Fourth National Poverty Assessment.