Policy Brief
Multidimensional poverty and wellbeing in Mozambique

Poverty is a multidimensional phenomenon involving things other than consumption — such as access to and quality of health and education, housing, possession of durable goods, freedom, and many other factors. The consumption and multidimensional poverty approaches are complementary: it is possible for example that a family has consumption levels below the poverty line but lives in a good quality home, its members have a good level of education, and vice versa.

Until now poverty assessments in Mozambique only presented consumption poverty estimates and trends, which are quite volatile and greatly affected by short-term shocks. For the first time since poverty evaluation started in Mozambique in 1996/97, the Fourth National Assessment of Poverty and Wellbeing in Mozambique 2014/15 presents estimates of multidimensional poverty and its evolution over time.

Multidimensional poverty for the years 1996/97, 2002/03, 2008/09, and 2014/15 was evaluated using six indicators evaluated at the household level, and assigning the same weight to all of them:

  • completion of primary school
  • access to safe water
  • access to quality sanitation
  • grass roofing
  • access to electricity
  • ownership of most common durable goods

This Policy Brief, also available in Portuguese (disponível en Português), draws on Mozambique’s Fourth National Poverty Assessment.