Journal Article: How polarized is the global income distribution?
The interest in the level of global inequality has surged in recent years. This paper complements existing estimates of global inequality by providing the first estimates of the level of bipolarization of the global income distribution.
Policy Brief: The business environment of Mozambican manufacturing firms
The 2017 Survey of Mozambican Manufacturing Firms builds on data collected in 2012 from surviving firms to trace how changing economic conditions have affected the development of firms over five years.
Inclusive growth in Mozambique – scaling-up research and capacity
The central goal of the project is to support inclusive growth, growth that substantially improves the living standards of the Mozambican population.
Journal Special Issue: Fiscal Policy, State Building and Economic Development
This journal presents a synopsis of the contextual conditions, factors and challenges under which the recent evolution of tax systems has taken place. The journal, as the studies in this collection, gives special emphasis to the role natural endowments, p
UNU Annual Report 2017
Explore the “who” and “what” of UNU’s work in 2017 and learn how our ideas generate solutions to improve the lives of people everywhere
Research and policy briefs
Evidence-based policymaking is crucial. Use our publications search to browse nearly 200 briefs which highlight the findings and policy implications of our research.
Sustainable Development Explorer
UNU has launched its Sustainable Development Explorer, a new campaign highlighting ongoing work to support each of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
11 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...
Working PaperZambia’s mining windfall tax
In 2008, the Government of Zambia reformed its mining tax regime for large-scale copper mines through a unilateral legislative change...Mining windfall tax fiscal benefit sharing
Working PaperTanzania—from mining to oil and gas: Structural change or just big numbers?
This paper extends UNU-WIDER Working Paper 2016/79, which examined the economic situation in Tanzania during the resurgence of gold and diamond production after 1999, with the situation that emerged as the country began to exploit its very large reso...Tanzania Gas Liquefied natural gas
Working PaperMining’s contribution to low- and middle-income economies
In several low- and middle-income countries with important extractive sectors, gross national income has developed favourably. Africa has benefitted most, particularly West Africa...Mining Development Tax revenue
BlogLower exploration spending – another response to the end of the commodity price boom
My previous blog, which you can read here , commented on the manner in which mining companies had been able to respond to the recent decline in metals prices by significantly reducing their costs of production...Commodity boom Mining Extractives
BlogCost reductions as a response to the end of the commodity price boom
The recent publication of the 3rd edition of ICMM’s The Role of Mining in National Economies (hereafter RoMiNE3) provides us with the welcome biennial review of the global situation as it affects the large mining and metals industry...Commodity boom Mining Extractives
Working PaperEnhancing sustainable development from oil, gas, and mining: From an ‘all of government’ approach to Partnerships for Development
This paper outlines how sustainable development in resource-rich countries requires an ‘all of government’ approach as well as multi-stakeholder dialogue and partnerships between government, companies, and civil society organizations...Oil Mining Partnerships for Development
Working PaperApproaches to supporting local and community development: Brazil and the Vale SA model of corporate interaction
Reflection about the role of corporate social investment in Brazil, associated with the presence of a large economic enterprise, is the major stimulus of this paper...Public-private social partnership Territorial development Public policies
Working PaperHow do we legislate for improved community development?
A large mining project has the potential to be a partner in assisting local communities in their development efforts. Communities located in close proximity to a large mine have every right to expect that the project will benefit their community...Community development agreement Mining Mining law
Working PaperThe taxation of extractive industries: Mining
The taxation of the mining industry varies considerably from nation to nation. This paper reflects on the evolving use of various taxation approaches applied by governments to the mining sector...Mining Mining taxation Royalties
Working PaperTowards contribution analysis
Since the early 1990s, at least 45 initiatives have been mounted to improve the environmental and social performance of the mining industry across the world. Many changes in the formal legal and regulatory systems have also been introduced...Contribution analysis Mining Sustainability
Working PaperThe impact of mining on spatial inequality: Recent evidence from Africa
This paper investigates the relationship between mining and spatial inequality in Africa during 2001–12. The identification strategy is based on a unilateral causation between mining and district inequality...Mineral resources Mining Spatial inequality