390 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Income distribution
Journal Article
The effect of top incomes on inequality in South Africa

This article is currently available for early online view. South Africa exhibits extreme levels of income inequality and is ranked as one of the most unequal countries in the world...

Income distribution Economic inequality personal income tax
Research Brief
Inequality in rural India: Are non-farm jobs the driver or a brake? Income inequality non-farm employment Poverty
Policy Brief
Reducing inequalities in South Africa: Progress on equality thwarted by slow growth and success of top earners

South Africa has the highest rate of measured inequality in the world. Often thought to be a legacy of the apartheid system, inequality in South Africa has stubbornly persisted...

Earnings personal income tax Survey data
Working Paper
How do human rights violations affect poverty and income distribution?

The goal of this paper is to examine the impact of human rights on income distribution and poverty by exploring how both aid and trade can influence poverty and income distribution through human rights...

Global Human rights Income inequality
Working Paper
The wage-setting power of firms: Rent-sharing and monopsony in South Africa

Using administrative tax records from South Africa for the period 2011–14, I find that firm wage premia explain 25 per cent of the total wage variance, 60 per cent of the gender wage gap, and 40 per cent of the gap between workers in the middle...

Discrimination Firm effects Income inequality
Working Paper
The distributional impact of structural transformation in rural India: Model-based simulation and case-study evidence

The North Indian village of Palanpur has been the subject of close study over a period of six decades from 1957/8 to 2015. Himanshu et al...

Income inequality non-farm employment Poverty
Working Paper
The effect of real exchange rate volatility on income distribution in South Africa

This study investigates the effect of real exchange rate volatility on the distribution of income between labour and capital in South Africa. Both symmetric and asymmetric effects are considered...

Functional distribution Income distribution Economic inequality
Working Paper
Microsimulation analysis of the impact of indirect tax benefits on income distribution and poverty alleviation in Tanzania: An application of TAZMOD

This paper analyses the impacts of indirect tax policy reforms on income distribution and poverty in Tanzania by applying a standard static microsimulation model TAZMOD v1.8...

Income distribution SOUTHMOD Tax-benefit microsimulation
Working Paper
Taking stock of South African income inequality

We synthesize the findings from several recent papers on South Africa’s very high income inequality...

Earnings personal income tax Survey data
Working Paper
Welfare dynamics in India over a quarter-century: Poverty, vulnerability, and mobility, 1987–2012

We analyse the Indian National Sample Survey data spanning the period 1987/88–2011/12 to uncover patterns of transition into and out of different classes of consumption distribution...

Intragenerational mobility Welfare dynamics Imputation
Working Paper
Assessing the quality of the income data used in SAMOD, a South African tax-benefit microsimulation model

In this paper we explore the income data in two surveys that underpin a South African tax-benefit microsimulation model...

Tax-benefit microsimulation Income distribution data
Working Paper
Drivers of inequality in South Africa

The first democratic elections in 1994 brought about the promise for equal opportunity and an overall improvement of living standards for the majority of the South African population...

Income distribution Inequality labour markets
Working Paper
Fuel subsidies and income redistribution in Ecuador

This paper aims to evaluate the progressivity of different fuel subsidies in Ecuador as well as the budgetary and distributional effects of a potential elimination of such subsidies...

Fossil fuel subsidies Income distribution microsimulation
Working Paper
Employment and development in Asia

How have economic development, employment, and labour markets in Asian countries interacted since the publication of Myrdal’s Asian Drama?...

Labor Employment Economic growth
Working Paper
The effect of top incomes on inequality in South Africa

South Africa exhibits extreme levels of income inequality and is ranked as one of the most unequal countries in the world...

Income distribution Economic inequality personal income tax
Working Paper
Intersecting inequalities and the Sustainable Development Goals: Insights from Brazil

Concerns about the dramatic rise in income inequality across the world and, at the same time, assessments of national progress on the Millennium Development Goals made it clear that it is the intersection of income inequality, marginalized social ide...

Income distribution Intersecting inequalities Labour market segmentation
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