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Research and policy briefs
Evidence-based policymaking is crucial. Use our publications search to browse nearly 200 briefs which highlight the findings and policy implications of our research.
Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises in Vietnam
This new Open Access book provides a comprehensive analytic contribution to a crucial topic within development economics. Based on fifteen years of continued data collection and research efforts it brings together nine up-to-date studies on... read more
393 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...
Journal ArticleGlobal inequality: How large is the effect of top incomes?
Despite the growing interest in global inequality, assessing inequality trends is a major challenge because individual data on income or consumption is not often available...Inequality Income distribution Top incomes
Working PaperAgricultural development, trade, and income distribution: A 2015 social accounting matrix multiplier decomposition approach for Mozambique
This paper considers the impact of agriculture and international trade development on income distribution and economic activity in Mozambique...Agriculture Income distribution multiplier effects
Book ChapterUnemployment, Employment and Development
From the book: Asian TransformationsLabor Employment Economic growth
Journal ArticleThe effect of top incomes on inequality in South Africa
This article is currently available for early online view. South Africa exhibits extreme levels of income inequality and is ranked as one of the most unequal countries in the world...Income distribution Economic inequality personal income tax
Policy BriefReducing inequalities in South Africa: Progress on equality thwarted by slow growth and success of top earners
South Africa has the highest rate of measured inequality in the world. Often thought to be a legacy of the apartheid system, inequality in South Africa has stubbornly persisted...Earnings personal income tax Survey data
Working PaperHow do human rights violations affect poverty and income distribution?
The goal of this paper is to examine the impact of human rights on income distribution and poverty by exploring how both aid and trade can influence poverty and income distribution through human rights...Global Human rights Income inequality
Working PaperThe wage-setting power of firms: Rent-sharing and monopsony in South Africa
Using administrative tax records from South Africa for the period 2011–14, I find that firm wage premia explain 25 per cent of the total wage variance, 60 per cent of the gender wage gap, and 40 per cent of the gap between workers in the middle...Discrimination Firm effects Income inequality
Working PaperThe distributional impact of structural transformation in rural India: Model-based simulation and case-study evidence
The North Indian village of Palanpur has been the subject of close study over a period of six decades from 1957/8 to 2015. Himanshu et al...Income inequality non-farm employment Poverty
Working PaperThe effect of real exchange rate volatility on income distribution in South Africa
This study investigates the effect of real exchange rate volatility on the distribution of income between labour and capital in South Africa. Both symmetric and asymmetric effects are considered...Functional distribution Income distribution Economic inequality
Working PaperMicrosimulation analysis of the impact of indirect tax benefits on income distribution and poverty alleviation in Tanzania: An application of TAZMOD
This paper analyses the impacts of indirect tax policy reforms on income distribution and poverty in Tanzania by applying a standard static microsimulation model TAZMOD v1.8...Income distribution SOUTHMOD Tax-benefit microsimulation
Working PaperTaking stock of South African income inequality
We synthesize the findings from several recent papers on South Africa’s very high income inequality...Earnings personal income tax Survey data
Working PaperWelfare dynamics in India over a quarter-century: Poverty, vulnerability, and mobility, 1987–2012
We analyse the Indian National Sample Survey data spanning the period 1987/88–2011/12 to uncover patterns of transition into and out of different classes of consumption distribution...Intragenerational mobility Welfare dynamics Imputation
Working PaperAssessing the quality of the income data used in SAMOD, a South African tax-benefit microsimulation model
In this paper we explore the income data in two surveys that underpin a South African tax-benefit microsimulation model...Tax-benefit microsimulation Income distribution data
Working PaperDrivers of inequality in South Africa
The first democratic elections in 1994 brought about the promise for equal opportunity and an overall improvement of living standards for the majority of the South African population...Income distribution Inequality labour markets
Working PaperFuel subsidies and income redistribution in Ecuador
This paper aims to evaluate the progressivity of different fuel subsidies in Ecuador as well as the budgetary and distributional effects of a potential elimination of such subsidies...Fossil fuel subsidies Income distribution microsimulation