180 UNU-WIDER articles, publications, projects, experts...

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Working Paper
Humanity over economy: biopolitical responses to the COVID-19 pandemic in Ghana

This study posits that pandemics should be regarded as complex, open-ended phenomena that cannot be reduced to biology and epidemiology...

COVID-19 Biopolitics State effectiveness
The 1918-20 influenza pandemic: A retrospective in the time of COVID-19

The influenza pandemic of 1918 (the Spanish Flu) is by far the greatest humanitarian disaster caused by an infectious disease in modern history. It infected over a quarter of the world’s population and killed over 50 million people...

COVID-19 Pandemic Spanish flu
The 1918–20 influenza pandemic: A retrospective in the time of COVID-19

The pandemic of 1918–20 — commonly known as the Spanish flu — infected over a quarter of the world's population and killed over fifty million people...

Pandemic COVID-19 socioeconomic consequences
Working Paper
Rebel governance during COVID-19: Describing and explaining armed groups’ response to the pandemic in the Middle East

As COVID-19 spread worldwide, armed groups in control of territory were called to address the health emergency. However, our knowledge in this regard is limited...

Armed conflict COVID-19 Middle East and North Africa
Working Paper
The role of tax–benefit systems in protecting household incomes in Latin America during the COVID-19 pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic drastically affected household incomes around the world. In developed economies, pre-pandemic tax–benefit policies and emergency transfers mitigated to a large extent the negative income shock...

Taxes Benefits COVID-19
Journal Article
COVID-19 and the state: Exploring a puzzling relationship in the early stages of the pandemic

THIS ARTICLE IS ON EARLY VIEW | During the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, it was wealthier countries with stronger institutions that suffered the highest numbers of cases and fatalities...

COVID-19 the state Pandemic
Working Paper
Agricultural risks, the COVID-19 pandemic, and farm household welfare and diversification strategies in Africa

Agricultural activities in many African countries are bedevilled by a range of risk factors...

Risk COVID-19 Household welfare
Working Paper
The effect of wage subsidies on job retention: Evidence from South Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic

Wage subsidies have served as a primary labour market policy used around the world to mitigate job losses in response to the COVID-19 pandemic...

COVID-19 South Africa Labour market
Electoral politics and Mexico’s COVID-19 vaccine roll-out

Government responsiveness is an integral feature of representative democracy. Its importance could be amplified in times of crisis, especially if citizens cannot rely on market actors for help...

COVID-19 COVID-19 policy response COVID-19 vaccine
Working Paper
Impacts of COVID-19 lockdowns and aid packages: Evidence from Viet Nam

In view of the detrimental effect of COVID-19 lockdowns on household welfare, most countries implemented economic stimulus aid packages to support households...

COVID-19 Social assistance Lockdown
Working Paper
Digital labour platforms as shock absorbers: Evidence from COVID-19

Digital labour platforms have grown five-fold over the last decade, enabling significant expansion in gig work worldwide. We interrogate the criticism that these platforms tend to amplify aggregate economic shocks for registered users (workers)...

COVID-19 Digital labour platforms Labour market
Working Paper
Who was impacted and how? COVID-19 pandemic and the long uneven recovery in India

We investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on income levels, poverty, and inequality in both the immediate aftermath and during the uneven recovery until December 2021 using high-frequency household survey data from India...

COVID-19 Poverty Inequality
Working Paper
Social protection expansions during crisis and fiscal space: From ad hoc to durable solutions?

This study provides a first attempt to contribute a large-scale assessment of whether crisis response as observed during the COVID-19 pandemic can serve as a feasible blueprint for creating durable solutions across countries...

Social protection Tax revenue COVID-19
Working Paper
Physical proximity and occupational employment change by gender during the COVID-19 pandemic

Previous economic downturns such as the 2008–09 Global Financial Crisis disproportionately affected male employment due to greater contractions in industries typically filled by men (e.g., manufacturing)...

COVID-19 Gender Employment
Working Paper
The pandemic and the state: Interrogating capacity and response to COVID-19 in West Bengal

COVID-19 has brought to the fore the issue of state preparedness in mitigating health emergencies. This paper problematizes the received wisdom of greater state capacity in mitigating the severity of the pandemic...

COVID-19 West Bengal State capacity
Working Paper
Peruvian response to COVID-19 pandemic: The role of evidence-based governance and structural violence

Why does a state like Peru, dedicated to fulfilling development goals and sustained good macroeconomic performance, appear incapable of dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic?...

Maternal mortality Targeting COVID-19
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